EGU21-7710, updated on 04 Mar 2021
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Near-fault seismic monitoring reveals the long-lasting activation of a local fault in the Marmara region controlled by slow slip 

Patricia Martínez-Garzón1, Virginie Durand1, Stephan Bentz1, Taylan Turkmen2, Grzegorz Kwiatek1, Georg Dresen1, Murat Nurlu2, and Marco Bohnhoff1
Patricia Martínez-Garzón et al.
  • 1Helmholtz Centre GFZ Potsdam, 4.2 Geomechanics and Scientific Drilling, Berlin, Germany (
  • 2AFAD Turkish Disaster Management Presidency, Turkey

Recent laboratory and field observations show that fault seismic and aseismic slip may occur concurrently. Here, we combine microseismicity recordings from a temporary near-fault seismic network (SMARTnet) and borehole strainmeter data from the eastern Marmara region in NW Turkey to track seismic and aseismic deformation around the hypocentral region of a MW 4.5 earthquake that occurred in 2018. The strainmeter data show a clear strain signal transient starting at the time of the MW 4.5 event and lasting for about 150 days. We study about 1,200 microseismic events following the mainshock within and beyond the mainshock fault rupture. The temporal distribution of the seismicity reveals a strong temporal clustering, including four semi-periodic seismic sequences each containing more than 50 events in two days. Two seismic sequences occurred during the strain transient showing different characteristics compared to two sequences occurring afterwards. Seismicity occurring during the transient displayed typical characteristics driven by aseismic slip, such as the activation of a broader region from the mainshock, and the absence of a clear mainshock in each sequence. Seismic sequences occurring after the transient correspond to typical mainshock-aftershock sequences and activated a region closer to the original MW 4.5 mainshock. We suggest post-strain transient seismicity originate from stress redistribution and breaking of remaining asperities. Our observations from a newly installed combined dense seismic and strainmeter network in the eastern Sea of Marmara region allows identifying repeated triggering of aseismic transients within an observation period of three years suggesting these may occur more often than previously thought.

How to cite: Martínez-Garzón, P., Durand, V., Bentz, S., Turkmen, T., Kwiatek, G., Dresen, G., Nurlu, M., and Bohnhoff, M.: Near-fault seismic monitoring reveals the long-lasting activation of a local fault in the Marmara region controlled by slow slip , EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-7710,, 2021.

Display materials

Display link Display file

Comments on the display material

to access the discussion