EGU21-7854, updated on 04 Mar 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-7854
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Cold Fronts Transport Features of North China Pollutant over the Yangtze River Delta, China

Duanyang Liu1,2, Peishu Gu1,3, and Junlong Qian1,4
Duanyang Liu et al.
  • 1Key Laboratory of Transportation Meteorology, CMA, Nanjing, China (liuduanyang2001@126.com)
  • 2Nanjing Joint Institute For Atmospheric Science, Nanjing, China (liuduanyang2001@126.com)
  • 3Nantong Meteorological Bureau of Jiangsu Province, Nantong, China (gupeishu_nt@126.com)
  • 4Wuxi Meteorological Bureau of Jiangsu Province, Wuxi, China (qianjunlong@163.com)

An air pollution process in Jiangsu Province, China on December 22–23, 2016 is discussed by analyzing various data set, including the meteorological observation data, the reanalysis data from National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP), the Air Quality Index (AQI), the PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations data, and the airflow backward trajectory model of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The results show that the air pollution episode was under the background of a medium cold front from the west of the Hetao area, and caused by regional transport of pollutants from North China. The primary pollutant was PM2.5 and PM10. The PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations increase significantly 4–6 h after the cold front passing and reached the peak in 13–24 h. The obvious lag phenomena of the rising period and the peak-moment of PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations were found at the Suzhou, Huai'an, Taizhou and Xuzhou stations, and the maximum of 3h-allobaric, the maximum and average values of the wind speed near the ground were larger one by one at the four stations respectively in the northwestern Jiangsu, north-central Jiangsu, along with the Yangtze river Jiangsu, and southeastern Jiangsu. The period of middle –heave level pollution in Suzhou was 7–9 h later than in Huai'an and Taizhou, and was 24 h later than in Xuzhou, because of the lower PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations at early December 21, the delay of pollutants from upstream, and the larger wind speed from the boundary layer to the surface in southeastern Jiangsu. WRF-Chem model can well reveal the pollutant transport process. The high-value zone has a close relationship with the position of cold front. At 1200 LST on December 22, the cold front reached Xuzhou accompanied by high PM2.5 concentration. At 1400 LST on December 22, the cold front advanced to Huai'an. The high PM2.5 concentration zone moved south alongside the cold front and covered Xuzhou and Huai'an. Suzhou, far away from the upstream, was less vulnerable to pollutant transport. The high-value did not fell until the northwest wind shifted to the north wind. The backward trajectory analysis of air pollution also indicated that regional transport of pollutants from North China led to the middle –heave level pollution weather.

How to cite: Liu, D., Gu, P., and Qian, J.: Cold Fronts Transport Features of North China Pollutant over the Yangtze River Delta, China, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-7854, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-7854, 2021.