EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Optimal choice of the number and configuration of VLBI Global Observing System in India

Shivangi Singh1, Ropesh Goyal1,2, Nagarajan Balasubramanian1, Balaji Devaraju1, and Onkar Dikshit1
Shivangi Singh et al.
  • 1Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur 208016, India
  • 2School of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Curtin University of Technology, GPO Box U1987, Perth WA 6845, Australia

The need of the geodetic VLBI stations in South Asia region has been discussed and suggested for decades to have a uniform global VLBI network and relatively more accurate realisation of ITRF. With the recent initiative of National Centre for Geodesy, India, setting up of a few VLBI stations in the country is being proposed. India spans from latitude 8.4º N to 37.6º N and longitude 68.7º E to 97.25º E and encompasses a diversified topography with a plethora of geodynamical activities. Along with contributions to the international geodetic campaigns, we would like to choose the locations of these VGOS stations so that these can be an aid to the Indian geodetic infrastructure along with several other studies of national importance. For multitude of reasons, the prospective sites for establishing VGOS stations in India are: 1) IIST Ponmudi campus, 2) Mt. Abu Observatory, PRL, 3) IIT Kanpur and 4) NE-SAC, Shillong. The approximate longitudinal extent of 20º and latitudinal extent of 18º between these prospective sites are worth exploiting for determining the angle of the Earth rotation (dUT1) and polar motion, respectively. In this study, we present the comparison results of the solutions with and without additional VGOS station in India. For this, we first generated an optimised schedule for a classical VGOS/R1 session, using VieVS, with existing stations using the comparatively more important optimisation criteria (duration, sky-coverage, number of observations and idle time) and corresponding weight factors. The simulation result of the best schedule is kept as our reference solution. With respect to this reference network, we further generated optimised schedules by including the prospective stations from India (different combinations of the four proposed stations). We present our analysis due to change in network geometry, and therefore, we compare the variations in the repeatability values of the estimated EOPs with the addition of VGOS station(s) in India.

How to cite: Singh, S., Goyal, R., Balasubramanian, N., Devaraju, B., and Dikshit, O.: Optimal choice of the number and configuration of VLBI Global Observing System in India, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-7922,, 2021.