EGU21-7968, updated on 04 Mar 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-7968
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Investigation of the bedrock (metamorphic basement) geometry of Santorini island using single-station ambient noise data 

Nikolaos Chatzis1, Constantinos Papazachos2, Nikolaos Theodulidis3, Panagiotis Hatzidimitriou4, Marios Anthymidis5, George Vougioukalakis6, Dimitrios Panagiotopoulos7, Emilie Hooft8, Ben Heath9, Doug Toomey10, Michelle Paulatto11, Joanna Morgan12, and Mike Warner13
Nikolaos Chatzis et al.
  • 1Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTH), Thessaloniki, Greece (chatniko@geo.auth.gr)
  • 2Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTH), Thessaloniki, Greece (kpapaza@geo.auth.gr)
  • 3Institude of engineeering seismology and earthquake engineering (OASP-ITSAK), Thessaloniki, Greece (ntheo@itsak.gr)
  • 4Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTH), Thessaloniki, Greece (chdimitr@geo.auth.gr)
  • 5Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTH), Thessaloniki, Greece (manthymi@geo.auth.gr)
  • 6Institute of Geology and Mineral Exploration (IGME), Athens, Greece (gvoug@igme.gr)
  • 7Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTH), Thessaloniki, Greece (panagiot@geo.auth.gr)
  • 8University of Oregon (UO), Eugene, USA (emilie@uoregon.edu)
  • 9University of Oregon (UO), Eugene, USA (benheath45@gmail.com) *
  • 10University of Oregon (UO), Eugene, USA (drt@uoregon.edu)
  • 11Imperial College, London, UK (m.paulatto@imperial.ac.uk)
  • 12Imperial College, London, UK (j.v.morgan@imperial.ac.uk)
  • 13Imperial College, London, UK (m.warner@imperial.ac.uk)

We investigate the geometry of the metamorphic basement of the Santorini volcanic island using ambient noise data to determine the pre-Alpine/pre-volcanic bedrock structure. The geometry of pre-volcanic Santorini is important in order to constrain the recent volcanic history of the island and also to study the site-effect of the volcanic formations on seismic motions. Santorini is the most active volcano of the Southern Aegean Volcanic Arc and is the southernmost island of the Cyclades islands metamorphic complex. As a result, the volcanic material that has accumulated during the last 600+ Kyrs has been superimposed on the pre-volcanic Santorini (Cycladic) island. To map the thickness of volcanic material, we have performed a large number (>200) of single-station noise measurements in the Santorini area.  Measurements were mainly performed using conventional acquisition systems (Guralp-40T 30sec seismometer and Reftek-130A digitizer). We also employed additional single-station noise data from several previous studies (Dimitriadis et al. 2006, PROTEUS Project 2015), as well as permanent stations from the Hellenic Seismological Network in the same region. HVSR curves were calculated using single-station noise data and were used to estimate the fundamental frequency, f0, as well as the corresponding maximum HVSR amplitude, A0HVSR. The majority of HVSR curves showed prominent peaks (A0HVSR locally larger than 7-8), indicating a clear impedance contrast between volcanics and metamorphic formations. To map the bedrock depth, we estimated the thickness of the upper volcanic formations using the quarter-wavelength approximation for each site. For this assessment, the average shear-wave velocity (Vs) of the volcanic formations was estimated from the inversion of several passive ambient noise array data, as well as additional constraints from selected MASW measurements. Where possible, the reliability of the spatial variation of volcanic formation thickness was checked with independent geological information. Using the digital elevation model and the volcanic formation thickness for each site of the single-station noise data, we estimated the spatial distribution of the pre-Alpine, metamorphic bedrock depth. The resulting geometry of the pre-volcanic Santorini island shows very deep basins (now filled with volcanic formations) around the pre-Alpine bedrock outcrop in the southern part of Santorini (Profitis Ilias), increasing to 100+ meters in the Kamari-Perissa basin area (southeastern Santorini) and to more than 400+ in the central (Fira-Imerovigli) and the north Santorini areas (Oia), in agreement with recent larger-scale tomographic results (Heath et al., 2019). The results are also in very good agreement with the pre-Alpine bedrock geometry independently inferred from gravity data inversion (Tzanis et al., 2019.)

This research is co-financed by Greece and the European Union (European Social Fund- ESF) through the Operational Programme «Human Resources Development, Education and Lifelong Learning» in the context of the project “Strengthening Human Resources Research Potential via Doctorate Research” (MIS-5000432), implemented by the State Scholarships Foundation (ΙΚΥ), the Hellenic Foundation for Research and Innovation (HFRI) under the “First Call for HFRI Research Projects to support Faculty members and Researchers and the procurement of high-cost research equipment grant” (Project Number: 2924) and the Institute for the Study and Monitoring Of the SAntorini Volcano (ISMOSAV).

How to cite: Chatzis, N., Papazachos, C., Theodulidis, N., Hatzidimitriou, P., Anthymidis, M., Vougioukalakis, G., Panagiotopoulos, D., Hooft, E., Heath, B., Toomey, D., Paulatto, M., Morgan, J., and Warner, M.: Investigation of the bedrock (metamorphic basement) geometry of Santorini island using single-station ambient noise data , EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-7968, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-7968, 2021.

Corresponding formerly uploaded have been withdrawn.