EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Recurrent global carbon cycle disturbances during the Aalenian: Evidence from France and Chile

Alicia Fantasia1,2, Thierry Adatte3, Jorge E. Spangenberg4, Emanuela Mattioli1,5, Enrique Bernárdez6, Nicolas Thibault7, François-Nicolas Krencker2, and Stéphane Bodin2
Alicia Fantasia et al.
  • 1Université Lyon 1, Laboratoire de géologie de Lyon - Terre Planètes Environnement, F-69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
  • 2Aarhus University, Department of Geoscience, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
  • 3University of Lausanne, Institute of Earth Sciences, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
  • 4University of Lausanne, Institute of Earth Surface Dynamics, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
  • 5Institut Universitaire de France, Paris Cedex 05, France
  • 6INSUGEO, San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina
  • 7University of Copenhagen, Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, 1350 Copenhagen K, Denmark

The Jurassic was punctuated by several episodes of abrupt environmental changes associated with climatic instabilities, severe biotic crisis, and perturbations of the global carbon cycle. Over the last decades, the Toarcian Oceanic Anoxic Event (Early Jurassic, ~183 Ma) and the early Bajocian Event (Middle Jurassic, ~170–168 Ma) have attracted much attention because they represent such episodes of global and severe environmental change. Bracketed in between the Toarcian and the Bajocian, the Aalenian stage (Middle Jurassic, ~174-170 Ma) has received less attention, although there is some evidence from Tethyan and Boreal records that it was a time of environmental changes marked by marine biotic turnovers. The lack of knowledge about the Aalenian palaeoenvironments leaves a gap in our understanding of the wider context of the Toarcian and Bajocian events and hence of environmental feedback mechanisms surrounding Mesozoic carbon cycle perturbations. In this study, we provide a high-resolution, biostratigraphically well-defined carbon isotope records (δ13Corg and δ13Ccarb) combined to Rock-Eval data for the upper Toarcian–lower Bajocian interval from two expanded marl/limestone alternation successions from France (French Subalpine Basin) and Chile (Andean Basin). The comparison with available records from the Tethyan and Boreal domains highlights that medium-term δ13C fluctuations are reproducible across different palaeoceanographic settings from both hemispheres and between different carbon substrates. The new high-resolution dataset highlights the complexity of the Aalenian δ13C record, including previously identified δ13C shifts and hitherto undescribed fluctuations. This study provides one of the most expanded high-resolution chemostratigraphic reference records for the entire Aalenian stage, and shows compelling evidence from both hemispheres that it was a time marked by recurrent perturbations to the global carbon cycle and environmental changes.


How to cite: Fantasia, A., Adatte, T., Spangenberg, J. E., Mattioli, E., Bernárdez, E., Thibault, N., Krencker, F.-N., and Bodin, S.: Recurrent global carbon cycle disturbances during the Aalenian: Evidence from France and Chile, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-8206,, 2021.