EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Rainfall Thresholds for Shallow Landslides by coupled Physically-Based Models and Machine Learning methods in Colombian Andes Basins

Ricardo Jaramillo-González1, Edier Aristizábal1, and Edwin F. García-Aristizábal2
Ricardo Jaramillo-González et al.
  • 1Universidad Nacional de Colombia, sede Medellin,,
  • 2Universidad de Antioquia,

Landslides have taken thousands of lives worldwide in the last decades, especially in developing countries. In the Colombian Andes, tropical rainfall conditions and steep terrains are the most common triggering factors of landslides. According to DESINVENTAR in Colombia between 1921-2020, 10.438 landslides have been registered and left almost 7.313 fatalities and destructive outcomes to the economic system. Rainfall thresholds have been used to forecast the occurrence of landslides. Physically-based rainfall thresholds take into account the effects of rainfall coupling hydrological and geotechnical models providing a wide understanding of the physical behavior of the rainfall throw the hillslope and infiltration processes. On the other hand, Machine Learning methods have been implemented to evaluate the correlation between the spatial distribution of the landslide hazard and the morphometric parameters of the basin (e.g. average slope, area, and Melton ratio).

This work was performed implementing the physically-based model TRIGRS to analyze the distribution of the safety factor under different combinations of intensity and duration from gauge-based IDF curves. And, morphometric parameters were calculated to 14 basins distributed along the Colombian Andes; all them were processed by machine learning methods to correlate the influence of each parameter with the rainfall threshold.  The results of coupling physically-based models and machine learning methods could provide criteria that allow setting up a procedure that defines a condition of instability based on the distribution of the safety factor in a basin.

Keywords: Rainfall thresholds, Shallow Landslides, Morphometric Parameters, IDF Curves, TRIGRS

How to cite: Jaramillo-González, R., Aristizábal, E., and García-Aristizábal, E. F.: Rainfall Thresholds for Shallow Landslides by coupled Physically-Based Models and Machine Learning methods in Colombian Andes Basins, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-9123,, 2021.

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