EGU21-9126
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-9126
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Springtime nitrogen oxides and tropospheric ozone in Svalbard: local and long-range transported air pollution

Alena Dekhtyareva1, Mark Hermanson2, Anna Nikulina3, Ove Hermansen4, Tove Svendby5, Kim Holmén6, and Rune Graversen7
Alena Dekhtyareva et al.
  • 1Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen and Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Bergen, Norway (alena.dekhtyareva@uib.no)
  • 2Hermanson and Associates LLC, Minneapolis, USA
  • 3Department of Research Coordination and Planning, Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, Russia
  • 4Department of Monitoring and Information Technology, NILU - Norwegian Institute for Air Research, Norway
  • 5Department of Atmosphere and Climate, NILU - Norwegian Institute for Air Research, Norway
  • 6International director, Norwegian Polar Institute, Longyearbyen, Norway
  • 7Department of Physics and Technology, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway

Svalbard is a near pristine Arctic environment, where long-range transport from mid-latitudes is an important air pollution source. Thus, several previous studies investigated the background nitrogen oxides (NOx) and tropospheric ozone (O3) springtime chemistry in the region. However, there are also local anthropogenic emission sources on the archipelago such as coal power plants, ships and snowmobiles, which may significantly alter in situ atmospheric composition.  Measurement results from three independent research projects were combined to identify the effect of emissions from various local sources on the background concentration of NOx and O3 in Svalbard. The hourly meteorological and chemical data from the ground-based stations in Adventdalen, Ny-Ålesund and Barentsburg were analysed along with daily radiosonde soundings and weekly data from O3 sondes. The data from the ERA5 reanalysis were used to evaluate the prevailing synoptic conditions during the fieldwork. Although the correlation between the NOx concentrations in the three settlements was low due to dominant influence of the local atmospheric circulation, cases with common large-scale meteorological conditions increasing the local pollutant concentration at all sites were identified. In colder and calmer days and days with temperature inversions, the concentrations of NOx were higher. In contrast to NOx values, O3 concentrations in Barentsburg and at the Zeppelin station in Ny-Ålesund correlated strongly, and hence the prevailing synoptic situation and long-range transport of air masses were controlling factors for them. The Lagrangian models HYSPLIT and FLEXPART have been used to investigate air mass transport and transformations during the large scale O3 depletion and enrichment events. The factors affecting Arctic springtime photochemistry of O3 have been investigated thoroughly using Lagrangian and Eulerian numerical weather prediction model data and Metop GOME-2 satellite observations.

How to cite: Dekhtyareva, A., Hermanson, M., Nikulina, A., Hermansen, O., Svendby, T., Holmén, K., and Graversen, R.: Springtime nitrogen oxides and tropospheric ozone in Svalbard: local and long-range transported air pollution, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-9126, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-9126, 2021.

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