EGU21-9165, updated on 04 Mar 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-9165
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Geomorphic imprints of dynamic topography and intraplate tectonism in central Australia

John Jansen1, Mike Sandiford2, Toshiyuki Fujioka3, Timothy Cohen4, Martin Struck5, Suzanne Anderson6, Robert Anderson6, and David Egholm7
John Jansen et al.
  • 1Czech Academy of Sciences, GFÚ Institute of Geophysics, Prague, Czechia (jdj@ig.cas.cz)
  • 2School of Earth Sciences, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
  • 3National Research Centre for Human Evolution (CENIEH), Burgos, Spain
  • 4School of Earth, Atmospheric & Life Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia
  • 5Federal Waterways Engineering & Research Institute, Karlsruhe, Germany
  • 6Department of Geological Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA
  • 7Department of Geoscience, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark

The Finke River in central Australia is counted among the world’s oldest drainage systems, raising the prospect that it holds a geomorphic record relevant to testing ideas about the role of sub-lithospheric mantle flow in shaping the Australian landscape. The Finke’s upper reaches preserve an enigmatic set of intertwined active and relict gorges that suggest a complex history of incision, aggradation and re-incision. We measured cosmogenic 10Be and 26Al in fluvial gravels stored in the gorges, and we applied a Markov chain Monte Carlo-based inversion model to test two limiting-case hypotheses about the timing of the gravel deposition and exhumation. Our results suggest that the nuclide memory contained within the gravels was essentially erased during protracted sediment storage. Previous studies attribute landscape evolution to the intensified post-Miocene aridity in tune with the perception that central Australia experienced limited deformation during the Cenozoic. However, the close correlation between drainage network patterns and the gravity field leads us to propose, instead, that incision/aggradation phases in the upper Finke are driven by a flexural response (at ~102 km length scales) to extreme uncompensated loads embedded in the crust. Further, we suggest that dynamic mantle processes have deformed the central Australian topography over longer (~103 km) wavelengths via the in-situ stress field, with horizontal stress variations of order 1–10 MPa. Acting together, these crustal and sub-lithospheric structures have imposed to-and-fro tilting on the Finke, triggering the phases of incision/aggradation on a million-year timescale that created the unusual intertwined bedrock gorges. The amplitude of topographic responses in the upper Finke to inferred variations in end-loading on the plate helps resolve an ongoing debate about the effective elastic thickness of the central Australian lithosphere to no more than 35 km.

How to cite: Jansen, J., Sandiford, M., Fujioka, T., Cohen, T., Struck, M., Anderson, S., Anderson, R., and Egholm, D.: Geomorphic imprints of dynamic topography and intraplate tectonism in central Australia, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-9165, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-9165, 2021.

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