EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

ADHI: The African Database of Hydrometric Indices (1950-2018)

Nathalie Rouché1, Yves Tramblay1, Jean-Emmanuel Paturel1, Gil Mahé1, Jean-François Boyer1, Ernest Amoussou2, Ansoumana Bodian3, Honoré Dacosta4, Hamouda Dakhlaoui5,6, Alain Dezetter1, Denis Hughes7, Lahoucine Hanich8,9, Christophe Peugeot1, Raphael Tshimanga10, and Patrick Lachassagne1
Nathalie Rouché et al.
  • 1HydroSciences Montpellier, Univ. Montpellier, CNRS, IRD, Montpellier, France
  • 2Département de Géographie et Aménagement du Territoire (DGAT) de l’Université de Parakou (UP), BP 123 Parakou, Bénin
  • 3Laboratoire Leïdi “Dynamique des Territoires et Développement”, Université Gaston Berger (UGB), BP 234 - Saint Louis, Sénégal
  • 4Département de Géographie-FLSH, Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar (UCAD), Sénégal
  • 5LMHE, Ecole Nationale des Ingénieurs de Tunis, University of Tunis El Manar, BP 37, 1002 Tunis le Belvédère, Tunisia
  • 6Ecole Nationale d’Architecture et d’Urbanisme, University of Carthage, Rue El Quods, 2026, Sidi Bou Said, Tunisia
  • 7Institute for Water Research, Rhodes University, South Africa
  • 8L3G Laboratory, Earth Sciences Department, Faculty of Sciences & Techniques, Cadi Ayyad University, BP 459, 40000 Marrakech, Morocco
  • 9Mohammed VI Polytechnic University (UM6P), Centre for Remote Sensing and Application, Morocco
  • 10Congo Basin Water Resources Research Center -CRREBaC, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

The African continent is probably the one with the lowest density of hydrometric stations currently measuring river discharge, despite the fact that the number of stations was quite important until the 70s. In addition, there is a major issue of data availability, since the different existing datasets are scattered across vast regions, heterogeneous and often with a large amount of missing data in the time series. The aim of this African Dataset of Hydrometric Indices (ADHI) is to provide a set of hydrometric indices computed from an unprecedented large set of daily discharge data in Africa. The ADHI database is based on a new streamflow dataset of 1466 gauging stations with an average record length of 33 years and for over 100 stations complete records are available over 50 years. ADHI is compiling data from different sources carefully checked, based on the historical databases of ORSTOM / IRD and the GRDC, including also other contributions from different countries and basin agencies. The criterion for a station to be included in ADHI is to have a minimum of 10 full years of daily discharge data between 1950 and 2018 with less than 5% missing data. Some time series originating from different sources were concatenated, after making sure the rating curves applied on the different time periods to compute river discharge were similar. Data records were scrutinized to identify suspicious discharge records and time periods where gap-filling methods have been applied to the original records. The selected stations are spread across the whole African continent, with the highest density in Western and Southern Africa and the lowest density in Eastern Africa. They are representative of most of the climate zones of Africa according the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. From this dataset, a large range of hydrological indices and flow signatures have been computed and made available to the scientific community ( They are representing mean flow characteristics and extremes (low flows and floods) but also catchment characteristics, allowing to study the long-term evolution of hydrology in Africa and support the modelling efforts that aim at reducing the vulnerability of African countries to hydro-climatic variability.

How to cite: Rouché, N., Tramblay, Y., Paturel, J.-E., Mahé, G., Boyer, J.-F., Amoussou, E., Bodian, A., Dacosta, H., Dakhlaoui, H., Dezetter, A., Hughes, D., Hanich, L., Peugeot, C., Tshimanga, R., and Lachassagne, P.: ADHI: The African Database of Hydrometric Indices (1950-2018), EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-9283,, 2021.


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