EGU21-9357, updated on 04 Mar 2021
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Adjoint Seismic Tomography of the Antarctic Continent Incorporating Green's Functions from Ambient Noise Correlation

Zhengyang Zhou1, Douglas Wiens1, and Andrew Lloyd2
Zhengyang Zhou et al.
  • 1Washington University in St. Louis, Earth and Planetary Science, Saint Louis, MO, United States of America
  • 2Columbia University, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Palisades, NY, United States of America

The Antarctic continent with its large ice sheets provides a unique environment to investigate the response of the solid Earth to ice mass change. A key requirement of such studies is high-resolution seismic images of the crust and upper mantle, which can be used to estimate the region’s viscous structure. Likewise, these images are key to understanding the region’s geologic history and underlying geodynamic processes. Although the existing transverse isotropic seismic model ANT-20(Lloyd et al., 2020) and azimuthally anisotropic seismic model ANT-30 (Lloyd et al., in prep) have regional-scale resolution from the upper mantle to the transition zone, there is a need for higher resolution within the uppermost mantle (< 75 km) and crust of Antarctica. In this study, we use the ANT-30 model (Lloyd et al., in prep), a 3D seismic model from earthquake data, as a starting model. We seek to improve its resolution within the upper ~100 km of the Antarctic mantle by fitting three-component ambient noise correlograms computed from broadband records collected in Antarctica over the past 20 years. This includes data from recent temporary arrays such as TAMSEIS, AGAP, TAMNNET, RIS, POLENET/ANET, and UKANET. The three-component cross-correlations of station pairs are calculated and properly rotated to extract ambient noise surface waves that include both Rayleigh and Love waves, which show excellent signal-to-noise ratio between 15 to 70 seconds. The benefit of including this data is twofold: (1) it provides surface wave observations down to 15 s, as opposed to 25 s and (2) it provides shorter intercontinental paths, which were absent due to the region’s earthquake distribution. We then use the software package SPECFEM3D_GLOBE to iteratively improve the 3-D earth model, minimizing the nondimensionalized traveltime phase misfit between the observed and synthetic waveforms. The preliminary results indicate a stronger positive radial anisotropy (VSH > VSV) in the lower crust and uppermost mantle for West Antarctica and part of East Antarctica.  With more iterations, smaller-scale detail can be revealed by the new ambient noise data, resulting in a more reliable uppermost mantle and crustal structure.

How to cite: Zhou, Z., Wiens, D., and Lloyd, A.: Adjoint Seismic Tomography of the Antarctic Continent Incorporating Green's Functions from Ambient Noise Correlation, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-9357,, 2021.

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