EGU21-994, updated on 03 Mar 2021
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Variability of throughfall erosivity among crown positions in a teak plantation based on raindrop measurements and throughfall partitioning

Kazuki Nanko1, Nobuaki Tanaka2, Michael Leuchner3, and Delphis Levia4
Kazuki Nanko et al.
  • 1Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, Tsukuba, Japan (
  • 2Ecohydrology Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, Seto, Japan
  • 3RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
  • 4University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA

Knowledge of throughfall erosivity is necessary for the accurate prediction of soil erosion in some forests with little protective ground cover. This study compared throughfall drops and erosivity between open rainfall and for four different crown positions in a teak plantation in Thailand. Throughfall was partitioned into free throughfall, splash throughfall, and canopy drip using drop size distributions of both open rainfall and throughfall. Relative to open rainfall, we found the following: (1) throughfall drops were lower in number but larger in size due to the coalescence of raindrops on canopies; (2) throughfall drops, especially canopy drip, had lower velocity due to insufficient fall distance from the canopy to the forest floor to reach terminal velocity, which partly depends on crown base height and the vertical distribution of foliage; and (3) throughfall usually had higher kinetic energy due to larger drop size, which depends on the amount of canopy drip and the crown base height. Mid-crown positions were subjected to higher throughfall kinetic energy than in the canopy gap or near-stem positions. Compared to mid-crown positions, the gap position had smaller drops and less canopy drip, while the near-stem position had lower drop fall velocity. The erosivity of throughfall with respect to crown position is useful in the development of high-resolution soil erosion risk maps that can help maintain forest productivity in teak plantations.

The work was funded by JSPS KAKENHI Grant numbers JP17780119, JP15H05626, and JP17KK0159 and the CREST Program of JST (Japan Science and Technology Agency). A part of the study is published in Nanko et al. (2020) doi:10.1007/978-3-030-26086-6_12. 

How to cite: Nanko, K., Tanaka, N., Leuchner, M., and Levia, D.: Variability of throughfall erosivity among crown positions in a teak plantation based on raindrop measurements and throughfall partitioning, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-994,, 2021.

Corresponding presentation materials formerly uploaded have been withdrawn.