MAL14b

HS 2020/2021 John Dalton Medal Lectures & 2021 Division Outstanding ECS Award Lecture
Convener: Maria-Helena Ramos
Presentations
| Thu, 22 Apr, 15:00–17:00 (CEST)

Presentations: Thu, 22 Apr

Chairperson: Maria-Helena Ramos
15:00–15:45
|
EGU21-8542
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John Dalton Medal Lecture 2020
Amilcare Porporato
 
Dimensional analysis offers an ideal playground to tackle complex hydrological problems. The powerful dimension reduction, in terms of governing dimensionless groups, afforded by the PI-theorem and the related self-similarity arguments is especially fruitful in case of nonlinear models and complex datasets. After briefly reviewing these main concepts, in this lecture I will present several applications ranging from hydrologic partitioning (Budyko's curve) and stochastic ecohydrology, to global weathering rates and soil formation, as well as landscape evolution and channelization. Since Copernicus-dot-org asks me to add at least 25 words to the abstract, I would like to thank the colleagues who supported my nomination for the Dalton medal and my many collaborators.

How to cite: Porporato, A.: Hydrology without Dimensions, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-8542, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-8542, 2021.

15:45–16:30
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EGU21-428
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John Dalton Medal Lecture 2021
Brian Berkowitz

A key philosophical perspective in science is that nature obeys general laws. Identification of these laws involves integration of system conceptualization, observation, experimentation and quantification. This perspective was a guiding principle of John Dalton’s research as he searched for patterns and common behaviors; he performed a broad range of experiments in chemistry and physics, and he entered over 200,000 observations in his meteorological diary during a period of 57 years. In this spirit, we examine general concepts based largely on statistical physics – universality, criticality, self-organization, and the relationship between spatial and temporal measures – and demonstrate how they meaningfully describe patterns and processes of fluid flow and chemical transport in hydrological systems. We discuss examples that incorporate random walks, percolation theory, fractals, and thermodynamics in analyses of hydrological systems – aquifers, soil environments and catchments – to quantify what appear to be universal dynamic behaviors and characterizations.

How to cite: Berkowitz, B.: A (not so) random walk through hydrological space and time, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-428, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-428, 2021.

16:30–17:00
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EGU21-9208
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ECS
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HS Division Outstanding ECS Award Lecture 2021
Matteo Giuliani

Natural systems’ models have done tremendous progress in accurately reproducing a large variety of physical processes both in space and time. Conversely, despite human footprint is increasingly recognized as a major driver of undergoing global change, human behaviors and their interactions with natural processes still remain oversimplified in many models supporting strategic policy design. Recent years have seen an increasing interest and effort by scientists in quantitatively characterizing the co-evolution of nature and society. Nevertheless, state-of-the-art models often relies on behavioral rules empirically defined or derived by general social science or economic studies, which lack proper formalization for the specific case study as well as validation against observational data.

In this talk I will discuss my experiences in modeling human behaviors by taking advantage of the unprecedented amount of information and data nowadays available and of the improvements in machine learning and optimization algorithms. The resulting decision-analytic behavioral models flexibly blend descriptive models, which derive if-then behavioral rules specifying human actions in response to external stimuli, and normative models, which assume fully rational behaviors and provide optimal decisions maximizing a given utility function, where the ultimate goal is not to support optimal decisions but, rather, to understand and model human decisions and behaviors at different spatial and temporal scales.

A number of real world examples in the water domain will be used to provide a synthesis of recent advances in behavioral modeling and to stimulate discussion on key challenges, such as the role of individual behavioral factors in modeling decisions under uncertainty, the scalability of the models for capturing heterogenous behaviors, the definition of model’s boundaries, the identification of behavioral preferences in terms of tradeoff among multiple competing objectives and the dynamic evolution of this tradeoff driven by extreme hydroclimatic events.

How to cite: Giuliani, M.: Putting humans in the loop: coupling behavioral modeling with natural systems' models, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-9208, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-9208, 2021.

Additional speakers/contributors without abstracts

  • Alberto Montanari, University of Bologna, Italy
  • Paolo D'Odorico
  • Yaniv Edery, Technion, Israel
  • Andrea Castelletti, Politecnico di Milano, Italy