EGU22-10171, updated on 14 Apr 2022
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The Moon Science Working Group of the Lunar Gravitational-Wave Antenna Project

Alessandro Frigeri1, Marco Olivieri2, Jan Harms3, Alessandro Bonforte4, Carlo Giunchi5, Goro Komatsu6, Josipa Majstorović7, Matteo Massironi8, and Daniele Melini9
Alessandro Frigeri et al.
  • 1Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali, Roma, Italy (
  • 2Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Bologna, Italy
  • 3Gran Sasso Science Institute, L’Aquila, Italy
  • 4Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Osservatorio Etneo, Catania, Italy
  • 5Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Pisa, Italy
  • 6International Research School of Planetary Sciences, Università d’Annunzio, Italy
  • 7Univ. Grenoble Alpes, Univ. Savoie Mont Blanc, CNRS, IRD, IFSTTAR, ISTerre, Grenoble, France
  • 8Dipartimento di Geoscienze, Università degli Studi di Padova, Italy
  • 9Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Roma, Italy

Lunar Gravitational-wave Antenna (LGWA) proposes to deploy an array of high-end seismometers on the surface of the Moon. The LGWA network will measure the lunar surface displacement excited by Gravitational waves (GWs) with a targeted observation band of 1mHz – few Hz.   Seismic noise in that frequency band is very low due to the absence of atmosphere and oceans, representing the main inherent advantage that makes the Moon an ideal target for a GW detection experiment. 

The scientific and technical challenges of LGWA are diverse.  Since its initiation, LGWA has relied on experts from fundamental physics, astrophysics, geophysics, engineering, and planetary science. 

The collaboration is currently organized in working groups (WGs) to cover five key themes: GW science, lunar science, payload, deployment, and operations.  

At the beginning of 2022, we started the activities of WG2 to assess the current knowledge of the lunar environment. We aim to characterize and develop models of deployment scenarios suitable for LGWA sensors, via a multi-pronged approach of data analysis and on-field experiments probing terrestrial analogs of lunar terrains. 

Besides characterizing the lunar seismic background noise, other goals of the group are related to modeling the lunar interior structure as well as Moon’s normal modes. These will be further used to develop a model of the interaction between the Moon and GWs. The knowledge about the displacement level of this excitation and the background noise will be used to define novel techniques for background noise reduction.

For this purpose, WG2 is composed of physicists, engineers, geophysicists, and geologists. For our activities, we chose an interdisciplinary approach that requires initial communication efforts to create a common ground that will evolve into a crucial baseline activity for the whole LGWA project.

Here we will report our progress in the first months of the activity of our collaboration.     

How to cite: Frigeri, A., Olivieri, M., Harms, J., Bonforte, A., Giunchi, C., Komatsu, G., Majstorović, J., Massironi, M., and Melini, D.: The Moon Science Working Group of the Lunar Gravitational-Wave Antenna Project, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-10171,, 2022.