EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Correlation of Wind Speed and Eruption Frequency ofStrokkur Geyser, Iceland

Shaig Hamzaliyev1, Eva P.S. Eibl2, Gylfi Páll Hersir3, Guðrún Nína Petersen4, and Torsten Dahm5
Shaig Hamzaliyev et al.
  • 1Potsdam, Geoscience, General Geophysics, Germany (
  • 2Potsdam, Geoscience, General Geophysics, Germany (
  • 3ISOR, Reykjavik, Iceland (
  • 4Icelandic Meteorological Office, Reykjavik, Iceland (
  • 5GFZ Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany (

A geyser is a multiphase geothermal feature that exhibits frequent, jetting
eruptions of hot water and non-condensable gases such as CO2. In Iceland it
was noted that Strokkur geyser erupts at regular intervals. Following single
eruptions the typical waiting time is for example 3.7 ± 0.9 min. However, we
noted that single eruptions are sometimes followed by an up to 7 min long
gap and are the first ones to investigate this in the context of the weather at
A local broadband seismic network at Strokkur geyser, Iceland recorded more
than 300000 eruptions during 2017-2018 and 2020-2021. The hourly weather
data was acquired from the Hjardarland meteorological station at a few kilome-
ters distance from Strokkur maintained by the Icelandic Meteorological Office.
First we calculate the waiting time after eruptions and to make it comparable
with the hourly weather data we calculate hourly means. First we used a sim-
ple pearson correlation to calculate the correlation in different time windows.
As the time window increased the correlation between the waiting time and
wind speed increased. No substantial increase in the correlation coefficients was
visible for window lengths of more than 8 hours. So we chose an 8 hour long
time window for the further analysis. We compare the averaged waiting time
after eruptions, with wind speed, temperature, air pressure and humidity. To
understand the relation more deeply, we plot each weather parameter vs. the
waiting time average and fit linear and quadratic functions to the data. We
find a strong correlation with the wind speed and minor anticorrelation with
temperature and humidity. After calculating residuals the results indicate that
there is a quadratic relation between the waiting time and wind speed. This
highlights the sensitivity of the pool geyser with respect to environmental factors
interfering with the heat balance of the system.

How to cite: Hamzaliyev, S., Eibl, E. P. S., Hersir, G. P., Petersen, G. N., and Dahm, T.: Correlation of Wind Speed and Eruption Frequency ofStrokkur Geyser, Iceland, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-10458,, 2022.

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