EGU22-10813, updated on 28 Mar 2022
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

3D Reconstruction of the ancient church Santiago the Apostle, Morelos, Mexico as a follow up to the damage caused by the 2017 earthquake

Jesús Eduardo Méndez Serrano1, Jesús Octavio Ruiz Sánchez1, Nelly Lucero Ramírez Serrato2, Nestor López Valdés3, and Mariana Patricia Jácome Paz2
Jesús Eduardo Méndez Serrano et al.
  • 1Centro Universitario del Sur. Universidad de Guadalajara(
  • 2Instituto de Geofísica. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, UNAM
  • 3Facultad de Ciencias. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, UNAM

On September 19, 2017, Mexico was rocked by a 7.1 earthquake, causing an immense amount of damage in the states near the epicenter. This earthquake caused hundreds of damages in historical heritage, mainly in the states of Puebla, Oaxaca and Morelos. The patrimonial damages occurred were so extensive that they are prolonged till this day. Nepopualco Morelos was one of the towns that suffered great destruction by this shaking event. Their historical and main church, “Santiago the Apostle”, was  shattered in the shake, and the cleanup is still ongoing. The objective of this project was to create a 3D model of the Santiago the Apostle Church to view the process of restoration done by the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH). The 3D model obtained was the result of 478 images, which were captured by three different drone flights and a set of images shot on terrestrial. These flights were done by an Anafi Parrot drone, two circular flights and a double grid flight (180 and 256 images, respectively). For the purpose of obtaining a georeferenced accurate model, twelve ground control points were acquired in the field using a Emlid Reach RS+. The 3D model  presented in this project is a high-resolution model that allows the spatial analysis of the cabinet structure and represents a low-cost methodology. This model presents a centimeter resolution, while the error corresponds to 1.56%. The main contribution of this work is the obtainment of a 3D model of  Nepopualco´s historical church in which the final product shows the present stage of reconstruction done on the structural damages caused by the earthquake. The 3D reconstruction model will be delivered to the corresponding authorities of the National Institute of Anthropology and History. There is a possible consideration in creating other models that may help the INAH in the recovery process of cultural heritage affected by natural phenomena, as well as its structural mitigation. This project is the first effort on creating a digital catalog of these types of structures that make up Morelos’ historical heritage.
Thanks to Arq. Antonio Mondragón from INAH,  Arq. Aimeé Mancilla and Arq.  Fabián Bernal Orozco for their facilities and support. We also want to thank Mr. Félix García Reyes and Gilberto García Peña, the community representatives, for their assistance in opening the entrance to the church.

How to cite: Méndez Serrano, J. E., Ruiz Sánchez, J. O., Ramírez Serrato, N. L., López Valdés, N., and Jácome Paz, M. P.: 3D Reconstruction of the ancient church Santiago the Apostle, Morelos, Mexico as a follow up to the damage caused by the 2017 earthquake, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-10813,, 2022.