EGU22-109, updated on 25 Mar 2022
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Seasonal to intraseasonal variability of the upper ocean mixed layer in the Gulf of Oman

Estel Font1, Bastien Y. Queste1, and Sebastiaan Swart1,2
Estel Font et al.
  • 1Department of Marine Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
  • 2Department of Oceanography, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa

High-resolution underwater glider data collected in the Gulf of Oman (2015-16), combined with reanalysis datasets, describe the spatial and temporal variability of the mixed layer during winter and spring. We assess the effect of surface forcing and submesoscale processes on upper ocean buoyancy and their effects on mixed layer stratification. Episodic strong and dry wind events from the northwest (Shamals) drive rapid latent heat loss events which lead to intraseasonal deepening of the mixed layer. Comparatively, the prevailing southeasterly winds in the region are more humid, and do not lead to significant heat loss, thereby reducing intraseasonal upper ocean variability in stratification. We use this unique dataset to investigate the presence and strength of submesoscale flows, particularly in winter, during deep mixed layers. These submesoscale instabilities act mainly to restratify the upper ocean during winter through mixed layer eddies. The timing of the spring restratification differs by three weeks between 2015 and 2016 and matches the sign change of the net heat flux entering the ocean and the presence of restratifying submesoscale fluxes. These findings describe key high temporal and spatial resolution drivers of upper ocean variability, with downstream effects on phytoplankton bloom dynamics and ventilation of the oxygen minimum zone.

How to cite: Font, E., Y. Queste, B., and Swart, S.: Seasonal to intraseasonal variability of the upper ocean mixed layer in the Gulf of Oman, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-109,, 2022.


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