EGU22-11276, updated on 28 Mar 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-11276
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Modeling soil-microbial nutrient cycling feedbacks to elevated CO2 concentrations in old-growth tropical forest sites 

Katrin Fleischer1, Lin Yu1,2, Lucia Fuchslueger3, Tatiana Reichert4, Silvia Caldararu1, Beto Quesada5, and Sönke Zaehle1
Katrin Fleischer et al.
  • 1Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry, Germany (kfleischer37@gmail.com)
  • 2Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
  • 3Centre of Microbiology and Environmental Systems Sciences, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
  • 4TUM School of Life Sciences Weihenstephan, Technical University of Munich, Freising, Germany
  • 5National Institute for Amazonian Research (INPA), Manaus, Brazil

Nutrient cycles are tightly linked to the carbon cycle in tropical forests, controlling its responses to environmental change such as elevated CO2 concentrations (eCO2). In tropical wet forests of the Amazon, plants tend to grow slower in low fertility soils, while their relative investments in nutrient acquisition are likely higher due to costly mechanisms of nutrient mobilization. In low fertility soils where weatherable minerals have been depleted, decomposition and mineralization of soil organic matter and plant litter by free-living microorganisms may represent the dominant nutrient source for plants. The availability of soil nutrients for plants is a key constraint on tropical forest growth under future climate change. However, soil microbial communities not only drive the mineralization, but require nutrients for growth and biomass production themselves, and therefore from a plant’s perspective, soil microbial communities may act as a source or sink of nutrients under eCO2.

Here, we employ the process-based terrestrial biosphere model QUINCY (Thum et al., 2019), coupled to the microbial-explicit soil model JSM (Yu et al., 2020) to model shifts in coupled nutrient and carbon cycling rates at field sites with differing soil fertility in the Amazon forest sites, and to confront the modeled ecosystems with elevated CO2. QUINCY-JSM reflects our current understanding of governing carbon and nutrient cycling feedbacks, allowing for dynamic plant carbon investment in growth and nutrient acquisition, and microbial-explicit growth, turnover, and nutrient cycling. We compiled a unique dataset of forest growth, soil and litter chemistry, as well as microbial growth and stoichiometry from a set of Amazon forest plots that cover a large gradient in soil fertility. Microbial stoichiometry and soil texture data are used to calibrate QUINCY-JSM, and data on forest aboveground growth, microbial growth, litter chemistry, and soil carbon and nutrients are used for model evaluation. We test the hypothesis that the contribution of microbial-driven nutrient mineralization to the nutrient supply of plants increases with lowering soil fertility and explore the soil microbial-induced nutrient feedback to eCO2-induced carbon sequestration in wet lowland Amazon forest sites. We examine the consequences of model assumptions on the conditions in space and time under which soil microorganisms alleviate or enforce the plants’ nutrient limitation under eCO2. Directly testable hypotheses for old-growth wet forests’ response to elevated CO2 in ecosystem-scale experiments like AmazonFACE are formulated.

Thum, T., Caldararu, S., Engel, J., Kern, M., Pallandt, M., Schnur, R., et al. (2019). A new model of the coupled carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus cycles in the terrestrial biosphere (QUINCY v1.0; revision 1996). Geoscientific Model Development, 12(11), 4781–4802. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-12-4781-2019

Yu, L., Ahrens, B., Wutzler, T., Schrumpf, M., & Zaehle, S. (2020). Jena Soil Model (JSM v1.0; Revision 1934): A microbial soil organic carbon model integrated with nitrogen and phosphorus processes. Geoscientific Model Development, 13(2), 783–803. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-13-783-2020

 

How to cite: Fleischer, K., Yu, L., Fuchslueger, L., Reichert, T., Caldararu, S., Quesada, B., and Zaehle, S.: Modeling soil-microbial nutrient cycling feedbacks to elevated CO2 concentrations in old-growth tropical forest sites , EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-11276, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-11276, 2022.