EGU22-11470
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-11470
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Integrating microbiological and isotope methods for studying nitrification and denitrification processes in soils of drained and rewetted peatland forest

Mikk Espenberg, Mohit Masta, Laura Kuusemets, Jaan Pärn, Holar Sepp, and Ülo Mander
Mikk Espenberg et al.
  • Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia (mikk.espenberg@ut.ee)

Due to the complexity and diversity of nitrogen cycle processes, different methods, e.g., microbiological and isotope analysis, are used to study them. Their combined application helps make the most accurate estimates of the processes occurring, which is essential for the future management of drained peatlands to mitigate soil degradation and negative atmospheric impact. Nitrification and denitrification processes in soil are the main processes behind the harmful greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N2O) emission.

This study aimed to investigate the effect of drainage and rewetting on nitrification and denitrification processes and N2O emissions using real-time PCR and isotope methods. In the summer of 2020, the 1 m2 triangle-shaped mesocosms were established to achieve varying oxygen conditions for flooding and drainage experiment in Estonia's Oxalis site-type drained peatland forest. In the experiments, heavy nitrogen tracers of potassium nitrate 15N 98% atom (Sigma Aldrich) and ammonium chloride 15N 98% atom (Sigma Aldrich) were applied to soil to amplify and get an insight into N2O production mechanisms and on its soil moisture dependence. N2O concentration was measured, and soil samples were collected six times from the study sites between October 2020 and January 2021. Besides different physical and chemical parameters measured of soil samples, quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the abundance of bacterial and archaeal specific 16S rRNA, nitrification (bacterial and archaeal amoA genes) and denitrification (nirK, nirS, nosZI and nosZII genes) marker genes from the samples. Isotope composition of soil and gas samples were also measured.

This study indicates that different hydrological regimes influence nitrification and denitrification processes. Regarding control of N2O fluxes, nitrification played a major role on drained sites, and denitrification was the main process in rewetted sites, which is easily related to the oxygen content in the soils. This is supported by a higher proportion of 15N-N2O in 15N-NO3 treatment in rewetted mesocosms. In the case of 15N-NH4 treatment, the highest proportion of heavy N was found in the drained mesocosms. Overall, heavy nitrogen proportion in both alpha and beta positions was higher in the N2O produced by denitrification, whereas N2O contained only one 15N atom per N2O molecule. Abundances of nosZI and nosZII genes behaved differently in drained and rewetted mesocosms. Both microbiological and isotope methods showed similar results and backed each other very well, which makes either of them a perfect tool for predicting N2O emissions.

How to cite: Espenberg, M., Masta, M., Kuusemets, L., Pärn, J., Sepp, H., and Mander, Ü.: Integrating microbiological and isotope methods for studying nitrification and denitrification processes in soils of drained and rewetted peatland forest, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-11470, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-11470, 2022.

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