EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Recent advancements in the evolution of the Black Sea Monitoring and Forecasting Centre

Elisaveta Peneva5, Stefania Angela Ciliberti1, Marilaure Gregoire2, Joanna Staneva3, Atanas Palazov4, Giovanni Coppini1, Rita Lecci1, Marius Matreata6, Veselka Marinova4, Simona Masina7, Nadia Pinardi8, and the Black Sea Monitoring and Forecasting Centre*
Elisaveta Peneva et al.
  • 1Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change Foundation, Ocean Predictions and Applications (OPA) Division, Lecce, Italy (
  • 2University of Liège, Liège, Belgium
  • 3Helmholtz-Zentrum Hereon, Geesthacht, Germany
  • 4Institute of Oceanology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Varna, Bulgaria (,
  • 5Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski, Faculty of Physics, Department of Meteorology and Geophysics, Bulgaria (
  • 6National Institute of Hydrology and Water Management, Bucharest, Romania
  • 7Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change Foundation, Ocean modelling and Data Assimilation (ODA) Division, Bologna, Italy
  • 8University of Bologna, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Bologna, Italy
  • *A full list of authors appears at the end of the abstract

In the framework of the Copernicus Marine Service (CMEMS), the Black Sea Monitoring and Forecasting Centre (BS-MFC) is the European reference service for the provision of ocean analyses, forecasts and reanalyses in the Black Sea basin. It ensures a high level of efficiency in terms of operations, science and technology for the Black Sea predictions and monitoring of the physical including waves and biogeochemical processes. This work provides an overview of the BS-MFC modelling systems together with a description of the main operational products delivered through CMEMS interfaces. The product catalogue includes near real time and multi-year datasets, including interim recently introduced in the offer and developed in the perspective of future provisioning of monitoring indicators. The BS Physics unit delivers analysis and forecast products over a domain of about 2.5 km in horizontal with 121 vertical levels, based on NEMO v4.0 online coupled to OceanVar for the assimilation of insitu and satellite observations. It implements open boundary conditions at the Marmara Sea by means of high resolution ocean fields provided by the Unstructured Turkish Straits System. The BS Biogeochemistry unit delivers near real time and multi year products over a domain of about 3 km resolution and 31 levels, based on NEMO v3.6 online coupled to BAMHBI, able to assimilate daily L3 satellite chlorophyll observation by using the Ocean Assimilation Kit developed as part of the SANGOMA project. The BS Waves unit delivers analysis and forecast products over the same domain of BS Physics. The model is based on WAM Cycle 6, forced by surface currents and sea surface height provided by the BS Physics forecasting system. BS-MFC near real time systems are forced by ECMWF IFS analysis and forecast atmospheric fields. BS-MFC multi year systems are instead forced by ECMWF ERA5 reanalysis atmospheric fields and provide past reconstruction of the ocean state in the Black Sea at the resolution of about 3 km horizontally. Since May 2021, interim datasets are also provided with the objective to support marine monitoring capacities in the area. The work focuses on the product quality assessment of relevant BS-MFC variables and on future upgrades for improving the accuracy of forecast and reanalysis.

Black Sea Monitoring and Forecasting Centre:

Stefania Angela Ciliberti (1,, Marilaure Gregoire (2,, Joanna Staneva (3,, Atanas Palazov (4,, Giovanni Coppini (1,, Rita Lecci (1,, Elisaveta Peneva (5,, Marius Matreata (6,, Veselka Marinova (1,, Simona Masina (7,, Nadia Pinardi (8,, Eric Jansen (1,, Leonardo Lima (7,, Ali Aydogdu (7,, Sergio Creti’, (1,, Laura Stefanizzi (1,, Diana Azevedo (1,, Salvatore Causio (2,, Luc Vandenbulcke (2,, Arthur Capet (2,, Catherine Meulders (2, Evgeny Ivanov (2, Arno Behrens (3,, Marcel Ricker (3,, Gerhard Gayer (3,, Francesco Palermo (1,, Mehmet Ilicak (9,, Murat Gunduz (1,, Nadezcha Valcheva (4,, Paola Agostini (1,

How to cite: Peneva, E., Ciliberti, S. A., Gregoire, M., Staneva, J., Palazov, A., Coppini, G., Lecci, R., Matreata, M., Marinova, V., Masina, S., and Pinardi, N. and the Black Sea Monitoring and Forecasting Centre: Recent advancements in the evolution of the Black Sea Monitoring and Forecasting Centre, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-11605,, 2022.