EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Integrated irrigation and drainage approach to overcome summer droughts in Nordic conditions

Kedar Ghag1, Amirhossein Ahrari1, Syed Mustafa1, Anandharuban Panchanathan2, Toni Liedes3, Björn Klöve1, and Ali Torabi Haghighi1
Kedar Ghag et al.
  • 1University of Oulu, Water, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Oulu, Finland (
  • 2University of Oulu, Center for Machine Vision and Signal Analysis, Oulu, Finland.
  • 3University of Oulu, Intelligent Machines and Systems, Oulu, Finland.

Globally, the hydro-climatological parameters such as precipitation, temperature, and soil moisture are getting more uncertain and varying regionally as well as seasonally with the changing climate. The Nordic region and the regional agriculture are no exception to this. Recent global studies have projected the increasing trend of precipitation during winter and autumn in Northern Europe. Whereas, the declining trend during spring and summer. The studies further lead to the resulting decline in mean soil moisture that consequently will increase the potential for agricultural drought. Additionally, the summer droughts are already getting highlighted locally as the agriculture in the region experiencing substantial yield losses besides excessive rainfall as a common issue. Therefore, supplemental irrigation, and controlled drainage during water-sensitive growth stages of crops, or crop selection could be potential alternatives and need further investigation. In this study, we present an integrated irrigation and drainage approach (IIDA) based on Water Balance Simulation (WBS) to reduce the negative impact of summer droughts in Nordic agriculture. A WBS is developed in the present study for potato crop fields in Tyrnävä municipal area of Finland to examine the required irrigation or drainage during the cropping season. The model considers precipitation, temperature, and soil water-holding properties as inputs to simulate daily water availability in the crop root zone and provide output as the required amount of either irrigation or drainage or a combination of both for the cropping season from 2000 to 2020. The results showed that around 20% of the mentioned period (2003, 2006, 2018, and 2019), the potato fields required supplemental irrigation between 12-120 mm during the entire season. Furthermore, except for 2009 and 2018, an annual average of 44 mm of drainage was required due to extreme rainfall events. The findings of the study will benefit to increasing the sustainability of agricultural yield in the Nordic region by reducing the negative impact of summer droughts.

How to cite: Ghag, K., Ahrari, A., Mustafa, S., Panchanathan, A., Liedes, T., Klöve, B., and Torabi Haghighi, A.: Integrated irrigation and drainage approach to overcome summer droughts in Nordic conditions, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-12413,, 2022.


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