EGU22-12567, updated on 28 Mar 2022
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Scaling properties of sea surface temperature for various global warming levels in CMIP6 models

Josipa Milovac1, Maialen Iturbide1, Joaquin Bedia2, Jesus Fernandez1, and Jose Manuel Gutierrez1
Josipa Milovac et al.
  • 1Meteorology Group, Instituto de Física de Cantabria, CSIC-Universidad de Cantabria, 39005 Santander, Spain
  • 2Meteorology Group, Dept. Applied Mathematics and Computer Sciences, Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, 39005, Spain

Mean sea surface temperature (SST) increased during the 20th century and continues to rise on average at a rate of 0.14 ºC per decade. In the last decade, mean SST showed an increase of 0.88 ºC compared to the pre-industrial era and, according to the latest IPCC report (Masson-Delmotte et al., 2021), 83% of the ocean surface will very likely continue to warm up until the end of this century in all Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSP). Global mean surface air temperature (GSAT) has increased by 1.09 ºC since the pre-industrial times, and it is projected to continue to rise by 1.0 - 5.7 ºC (depending on the SSP scenario) until the end of the 21st century. GSAT incorporates land surface air temperature (LSAT) and sea surface air temperature (SSAT) in the models. 

In this study we analyze the CMIP6 ensemble of global climate models to identify projected scaling properties between SST, SSAT, and GSAT under various SSP scenarios. Preliminary analysis indicates that the temperatures are linearly correlated, with the scaling factor of ~0.8 for SSAT and GSAT, ~0.7 for SST and GSAT, and ~0.87 for SST and SSAT at the global warming level of 2 ºC. Such scaling is regionally dependent, and does not apply to the polar oceanic regions. Furthermore, we explore the dependence of the scaling properties on the global warming levels, and how sensitive the results are for the coastal regions.


IPCC, 2021: Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, A. Pirani, S.L. Connors, C. Péan, S. Berger, N. Caud, Y. Chen, L. Goldfarb, M.I. Gomis, M. Huang, K. Leitzell, E. Lonnoy, J.B.R. Matthews, T.K. Maycock, T. Waterfield, O. Yelekçi, R. Yu, and B. Zhou (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press. In Press.


We acknowledge the support from the Spanish Agencia Estatal de Investigación through the Unidad de Excelencia María de Maeztu with reference MDM-2017-0765., and the support from the projects CORDyS (PID2020-116595RB-I00) and ATLAS (PID2019-111481RB-I00), both funded by MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033.

How to cite: Milovac, J., Iturbide, M., Bedia, J., Fernandez, J., and Gutierrez, J. M.: Scaling properties of sea surface temperature for various global warming levels in CMIP6 models, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-12567,, 2022.