EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Assessment of atmospheric stability measurements from microwave radiometer observations for offshore wind energy applications

Domenico Cimini1,2, Rémi Gandoin3, Stephanie Fiedler4, Hector Wilson5, Bernhard Pospichal4, Pauline Martinet6, Andrea Balotti2, Sabrina Gentile1,2, and Filomena Romano1
Domenico Cimini et al.
  • 1CNR-IMAA, Potenza, Italy (
  • 2CETEMPS, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, 67100, Italy
  • 3C2Wind, Fredericia, 7000, Denmark
  • 4University of Cologne, Institute of Geophysics and Meteorology, Cologne, 50969, Germany
  • 5Carbon Trust, Off-shore Wind Accelerator program, London, UK
  • 6CNRM, Université de Toulouse, Météo-France, CNRS, Toulouse, France

Atmospheric stability is a measure of atmospheric status which determines whether thermodynamically perturbed air will rise, sink, or be neutral. Atmospheric stability has a major impact on the evolution of wind turbine wakes and thus on the yield and performance of offshore wind parks. For estimations of wind park power output and for improving analyses of offshore wind park wakes, a crucial parameter was found to be profiles of atmospheric temperature and stability metrics. Atmospheric temperature profiles can be measured in-situ by balloon-borne sensors, but also estimated from the ground using radiometric observations. This presentation reviews the stability metrics useful for monitoring wind park performances and provides a quantitative assessment of the value of microwave radiometer (MWR) observations to estimate these stability metrics from near surface, either over land or ocean. Results from three different MWR instruments, representing the most common available on the market, and at least three field experiments will be presented.


This work has been funded by Carbon Trust and the partner companies of the Off-shore Wind Accelerator program: (in alphabetical order) EnBW, Equinor, Orsted, RWE, Scottish Power Renewables, Shell, SSE Renewables, Total Energies, Vattenfall.

How to cite: Cimini, D., Gandoin, R., Fiedler, S., Wilson, H., Pospichal, B., Martinet, P., Balotti, A., Gentile, S., and Romano, F.: Assessment of atmospheric stability measurements from microwave radiometer observations for offshore wind energy applications, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-12954,, 2022.


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