EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Monitoring Van Allen Radiation Belts using EU Galileo satellites: Observations and Data Products of energetic particle fluxes

Ingmar Sandberg1, Georgios Provatas2, Constantinos Papadimitriou1, Sigiava Aminalragia-Giamini1, Keith Ryden3, and Hugh Evans4
Ingmar Sandberg et al.
  • 1SPARC, Athens, Greece (
  • 2Ruđer Bošković Institute, Zagreb, Croatia
  • 3University of Surrey, United Kingdom
  • 4ESA/ESTEC, The Netherlands

The Environmental Monitoring Units (EMU), on-board two satellites of the EU Galileo constellation, monitor the radiation environment along the GNSS orbit providing measurements of the energetic electron fluxes in the outer Van Allen Belt. With new calibration studies that take into account more realistic shielding provided by the spacecraft and the characteristics of the encountered environment along the satellite orbit, we have derived a new version of the GSAT/EMU Level 1 dataset that provides high quality validated fluxes of trapped energetic electrons within the 0.2-4.5 MeV energy range.  

In this work, we present an overview of the EMU measured electron fluxes over the last five years including recently completed validation studies with Arase [ERG] and RBSP energetic electron measurements. The new dataset, available to users from European member states registered at, will be used in the assimilation processes and/or the validation of the ONERA Salammbô electron radiation belt models - under the EU Safespace activity and ESA S2P RBFAN activity - leading to improved forecasts of the state of the outer belt. In addition, the quality of the time-coverage of the dataset permits their use in the development and/or evaluation of quantitative radiation environment specification models.


This work has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme "SafeSpace" under grant agreement No 870437, from the European Space Agency activity "Cross Calibration EMU Dataset with RBSP" under ESA Contract 4000135823/21/NL/GLC/mkn and the “SSA P3-SWE-X Space Environment Nowcast and Forecast Development” activity under ESA Contract 4000131381/20/D/CT.

How to cite: Sandberg, I., Provatas, G., Papadimitriou, C., Aminalragia-Giamini, S., Ryden, K., and Evans, H.: Monitoring Van Allen Radiation Belts using EU Galileo satellites: Observations and Data Products of energetic particle fluxes, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-13001,, 2022.

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