EGU22-13124, updated on 12 Dec 2023
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Integrating topographic knowledge into deep learning for the void-filling of digital elevation models

Sijin Li1,2,3, Liyang Xiong1,2,3, and Guoan Tang1,2,3
Sijin Li et al.
  • 1School of Geography, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, 210023, China
  • 2Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographic Environment (Nanjing Normal University), Ministry of Education, Nanjing, 210023, China
  • 3Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing, 210023, China

Digital elevation models (DEMs) contain some of the most important data for providing terrain information and supporting environmental analyses. However, the applications of DEMs are significantly limited by data voids, which are commonly found in regions with rugged terrain. We propose a novel deep learning-based strategy called a topographic knowledge-constrained conditional generative adversarial network (TKCGAN) to fill data voids in DEMs. Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) data with spatial resolutions of 3 and 1 arc-seconds are used in experiments to demonstrate the applicability of the TKCGAN. Qualitative topographic knowledge of valleys and ridges is transformed into new loss functions that can be applied in deep learning-based algorithms and constrain the training process. The results show that the TKCGAN outperforms other common methods in filling voids and improves the elevation and surface slope accuracy of the reconstruction results. The performance of TKCGAN is stable in the test areas and reduces the error in the regions with medium and high surface slopes. Furthermore, the analysis of profiles indicates that the TKCGAN achieves better performance according to a visual inspection and quantitative comparison. In addition, the proposed strategy can be applied to DEMs with different resolutions. This work is an endeavour to transform perceptive topographic knowledge into computer-processable rules and benefits future research related to terrain reconstruction and modelling.

How to cite: Li, S., Xiong, L., and Tang, G.: Integrating topographic knowledge into deep learning for the void-filling of digital elevation models, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-13124,, 2022.


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