EGU22-13407
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-13407
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Flood-regulation promotes salt-marsh drowning  and enhances loss of geomorphic diversity in shallow tidal embayments

Alvise Finotello1, Davide Tognin2, Andrea D'Alpaos3, Daniele Pietro Viero2, Mattia Pivato2, Riccardo Mel4, Andrea Defina2, Enrico Bertuzzo1, Marco Marani2, and Luca Carniello2
Alvise Finotello et al.
  • 1Department of Environmental Sciences, Informatics and Statistics, Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, Venice, Italy
  • 2Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.
  • 3Department of Geosciences, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.
  • 4Department of Environmental Engineering, University of Calabria, Cosenza, Italy

Flood-regulation systems and storm-surge barriers are increasingly adopted to protect many coastal cities worldwide from the flooding hazard related to rising sea levels. Eminent examples include London, the Netherland, New Orleans, St. Petersburg, and Venice. Regulating the propagation of surges and tides, barriers will also change sediment transport, thus modifying the morphological evolution of estuarine systems nearby the protected urban areas. However, how the morphodynamic evolution of tidal environments will be affected by flood regulation is still an unresolved question.

We investigate the effect of the recently-activated storm-surge barriers designed to protect Venice (Italy) from flooding on the morphological evolution of the Venice Lagoon, combining numerical modelling and field data.

Artificially reduced water levels affect the interaction between tide and waves, enhancing sediment resuspension on tidal flats. Accumulation of resuspended sediments on salt marshes however is hindered by the reduced flooding intensity owing to lower water levels, thus potentially undermining marsh ability to keep pace with rising sea levels. Simultaneously, eroded sediments tend to accumulate within channels, thus mining water exchange and increasing dredging costs.

Over longer (i.e., seasonal) timescales, we suggest that although barrier closures reduce net sediment export toward the open sea, this does not point to preserving the characteristic lagoonal morphology, hindering salt-marsh accumulation and promoting tidal-flat deepening and channel infilling. Hence, the operation of flood barriers can trigger an important loss of tidal landforms, negatively impacting the conservation of shallow tidal environments and the ecosystem services they provide.

How to cite: Finotello, A., Tognin, D., D'Alpaos, A., Viero, D. P., Pivato, M., Mel, R., Defina, A., Bertuzzo, E., Marani, M., and Carniello, L.: Flood-regulation promotes salt-marsh drowning  and enhances loss of geomorphic diversity in shallow tidal embayments, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-13407, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-13407, 2022.

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