EGU22-1416, updated on 27 Mar 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-1416
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Extraction of ground magnetic signatures from solar quiet current systems in sub-auroral regions

Veronika Haberle1,2, Aurélie Marchaudon1, Aude Chambodut2, and Pierre-Louis Blelly1
Veronika Haberle et al.
  • 1Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, CNES, Toulouse, France
  • 2Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, Institut Terre et Environnement de Strasbourg, ITES UMR 7063, Strasbourg F-67084, France

In order to monitor space weather events and their impacts, ground magnetic field data has proven to be a long-lasting and powerful source of information. For the determination of space weather effects, it is essential to extract and understand the evolution of the quiet-time magnetic field. However, the data shows a high degree of complexity since the Earth’s magnetic field is a superposition of sources that cover a broad amplitude and frequency spectrum. In sub-auroral regions, it is well understood that the solar quiet current system contributes to the quiet signal with smooth patterns that depend on season and local time, having distinct periods of 24 hours and beneath.

In this work, we apply signal filtering techniques on time-series magnetic data from ground observatories in sub-auroral regions. In order to extract the solar quiet current contributions, we use its specific periods of 24h and beneath and analyse the results with respect to season, local time, and day-to-day variability between 1991 and 2019. Careful investigations and interpretation of the contributing sources are given, confirming the main contribution to the filtered signal is the solar quiet current system. This implies that the filter approach is able to extract the quiet magnetic field variations and due to its simplicity may be used for real-time determination of the quiet magnetic field, including magnetic baselines. 

How to cite: Haberle, V., Marchaudon, A., Chambodut, A., and Blelly, P.-L.: Extraction of ground magnetic signatures from solar quiet current systems in sub-auroral regions, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-1416, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-1416, 2022.

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