EGU22-1811, updated on 27 Mar 2022
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

A low-cost GNSS buoy for water vapour monitoring over the Oceans

Pierre Bosser1, Victor Bennini2, Mohammed Bouasria3, Yanis Grit4, and Aurélie Panetier5
Pierre Bosser et al.
  • 1Lab-STICC / M3 UMR 6285 CNRS, ENSTA Bretagne, Brest, France (
  • 2IMT Atalantique, Plouzané, France (>)
  • 3IUEM, Plouzané, France (
  • 4ENSTA Bretagne, Brest, France (
  • 5Lab-STICC / PIMM UMR 6285 CNRS, ENSTA Bretagne, Brest, France (

In recent years, the significant growth of positioning applications has come with the development of low-cost dual frequency Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) receivers. The accuracy of these receivers in terms of positioning has been proved. Various studies have also highlighted the ability of these receivers to precisely monitor the atmospheric water vapour. The low cost of such receivers enables large deployment, thus presenting an advantage for many geoscience applications.

In this context, we have developed a hydrographic buoy prototype, equipped with low-cost GNSS receiver and antenna. This buoy was first aimed to be used for the monitoring in delayed time of offshore tides and currents, by a precise point positioning analysis of the GNSS raw data. In addition, the ability of this low-cost GNSS buoy for the water vapour monitoring was also investigated through the assessment of Zenith Tropospheric Delay (ZTD) estimates from the post-processing of the raw data. The comparisons with ZTD estimates from a nearby ground-based GNSS geodetic antenna and the ECMWF fifth ReAnalysis (ERA5), provide pretty good results with RMS differences lower than 10 mm. 

These conclusive results highlight the opportunities for the use of such low-cost systems for meteorology and climatology applications over the Oceans.

How to cite: Bosser, P., Bennini, V., Bouasria, M., Grit, Y., and Panetier, A.: A low-cost GNSS buoy for water vapour monitoring over the Oceans, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-1811,, 2022.


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