EGU22-2103, updated on 27 Mar 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-2103
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Influence of Physical-biochemical Coupling Processes on the Noctiluca scintillans and Mesodinium red tides in October 2019 in northern Yellow Sea, China

Wenjing Zhang, Zhijun Dong, Chen Zhang, Xiyan Sun, Chaowei Hou, Yongliang Liu, Lei Wang, Yuanqing Ma, and Jianmin Zhao
Wenjing Zhang et al.
  • Yantai Institute of Costal Zone Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences, China (wjzhang@yic.ac.cn)

Red tide has always been an environmental issue with global concern. A Noctiluca scintillans red tide and a Mesodinium red tide occurred successively in northern Yellow Sea, China, where is important shallow sea aquaculture base, in October 2019. The initiation of the red tides was the result of both biotic (e.g. food) and abotic factors (e.g. currents and nutrients availability). The maximum N. scintillans and Mesodiniium abundance reached 124.92 ± 236.84 × 103 cells/ L and 1157.52 ± 1294.16 × 103 cells/L respectively. The fast growth of N. scintillans was due to increasing abundance of phytoplankton after the harvest of cultured scallops. Appropriate temperatures also increased the growth of N. scintillans. Water dynamics played a key role in the formation of the red tides. The steady southward current from the Bohai Sea and northern Yellow Sea was instrumental in the accumulation of N. scintillans along the coast. The accumulation of Mesodinium was attributed to the neap tide and weak current on October 19 to 22. Water turbulence from a strengthened current on October 24 eventually destroyed the Mesodinium red tide. The red tides significantly redistributed the nutrients in the red tide patches and regulated the dominant species in phytoplankton community. Our study illuminates the influence of physical-biochemical coupling processes on red tides, and suggests that ocean dynamics such as currents and tidal factors deserve more attention when considering the ecosystem health problems of coastal zones.

How to cite: Zhang, W., Dong, Z., Zhang, C., Sun, X., Hou, C., Liu, Y., Wang, L., Ma, Y., and Zhao, J.: Influence of Physical-biochemical Coupling Processes on the Noctiluca scintillans and Mesodinium red tides in October 2019 in northern Yellow Sea, China, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-2103, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-2103, 2022.