EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

On the magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling during the May 2021 Geomagnetic storm.

Piero Diego1, Mirko Piersanti1, Dario Del Moro2, Alexandra Parmentier1, Matteo Martucci2, Farnacesco Palma2, Alessandro Sotgiu2, Christina Plainaki3, Giulia D'Angelo1, Francesco Berrilli2, Dario Recchiuti4, Emanuele Papini1, Gianluca Napoletano2, Antonio Cicone5, Roberto Iuppa4, Roberta Sparvoli2, Pietro Ubertini1, Roberto Battiston4, and Piergiorgio Picozza2
Piero Diego et al.
  • 1INAF, IAPS, Italy (
  • 2University of Rome ”Tor Vergata”, Rome, Italy
  • 3Italian Space Agency, Rome, Italy
  • 4University of Trento, Trento, Italy.
  • 5University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy.

On May 12,  2021 the interplanetary counterpart of the May 9,  2021 coronal mass ejection impacted the Earth’s magnetosphere, giving rise to a strong geomagnetic storm.  This work discusses the evolution of the various events linking the solar activity to the Earth’s ionosphere with special focus on the effects observed in the circumterrestrial environment. We investigate the propagation of the interplanetary coronal mass ejection and its interaction with the magnetosphere - ionosphere system in terms of both magnetospheric current systems and particle redistribution, by jointly analysing data from interplanetary, magnetospheric, and low Earth orbiting satellites. The principal magnetospheric current system activated during the different phases of the geomagnetic storm is correctly identified through the  direct  comparison  between  geosynchronous  orbit  observations  and  model  predictions. From the particle point of view, we have found that the primary impact of the storm development is a net and rapid loss of relativistic electrons from the entire outer radiation belt. Our analysis shows no evidence for any short-term recovery to pre-storm levels during the days following the main phase.  Storm effects also included a small Forbush decrease driven by the interplay between the interplanetary shock and subsequent magnetic cloud arrival.

How to cite: Diego, P., Piersanti, M., Del Moro, D., Parmentier, A., Martucci, M., Palma, F., Sotgiu, A., Plainaki, C., D'Angelo, G., Berrilli, F., Recchiuti, D., Papini, E., Napoletano, G., Cicone, A., Iuppa, R., Sparvoli, R., Ubertini, P., Battiston, R., and Picozza, P.: On the magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling during the May 2021 Geomagnetic storm., EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-2233,, 2022.

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