EGU22-2259, updated on 27 Mar 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-2259
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Power density dissipated by field-aligned currents in the topside ionosphere

Fabio Giannattasio1, Giuseppe Consolini2, Igino Coco1, Michael Pezzopane1, and Alessio Pignalberi1
Fabio Giannattasio et al.
  • 1Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Roma, Italy
  • 2Institute for Space Astrophysics and Planetology (IAPS), Roma, Italy

The response of the magnetosphere-ionosphere (MI) system to the forcing by plasma of solar origin gives rise to several phenomena relevant to Space Weather. In particular, part of the energy injected into the ionosphere by means of field-aligned currents (FACs) connecting the magnetosphere with the high-latitude ionosphere is converted into mechanical energy and dissipated via Joule heating. Under reasonable assumptions, in the direction parallel to the geomagnetic field the only relevant contribution to dissipation is from the Ohmic term. Dissipated power density may significantly affect the physical parameters characterizing the upper ionosphere, such as electron temperature and density, and alter its chemical composition. This can result, for example, in the increased atmospheric drag and affect the satellite orbits. For this reason, understanding the dissipation of FACs in the topside ionosphere is important to shed light on the physical processes involved in MI coupling. Power density dissipated by FACs in crossing the topside ionosphere can be estimated by using Swarm data. Here, for the first time, we show statistical maps of power density features dissipated by FACs by using six-year time series of electron density and temperature data acquired by the Langmuir Probes onboard the Swarm A satellite (flying at an altitude of about 460 km) at 1 s cadence, together with the field-aligned current density product provided by the ESA’s Swarm Team at the same cadence. Maps of the same quantity under different levels of geomagnetic activity are also shown and discussed in light of the previous literature.

This work is partially supported by the Italian National Program for Antarctic Research under contract N. PNRA18 00289-SPIRiT and by the Italian MIUR-PRIN grant 2017APKP7T on "Circumterrestrial Environment: Impact of Sun-Earth Interaction".

How to cite: Giannattasio, F., Consolini, G., Coco, I., Pezzopane, M., and Pignalberi, A.: Power density dissipated by field-aligned currents in the topside ionosphere, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-2259, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-2259, 2022.