EGU General Assembly 2022
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the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Multiple partial melts trapped in garnets from the Adirondacks lower crust: clues for TTG formation

Gautier Nicoli1, Silvio Ferrero2, Robert Darling3, Chris Yakymchuk4, Bern Wunder5, and Peter Tollan6
Gautier Nicoli et al.
  • 1University of Potsdam, Institute of Geosciences, Potsdam, Germany
  • 2Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche e Geologiche, UNICA, Cagliari, Italy
  • 3SUNY College at Cortland, New York, USA
  • 4University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
  • 5Helmholtz-Zentrum Potsdam, GFZ, Potsdam, Germany
  • 6ETH Zurich, Department of Earth Sciences, Zurich, Switzerland

The Adirondack Mountains, New York State, USA belongs to the Canadian Grenville Province (Darling and Peck, 2016). The rocks exposed in the Adirondacks are interpreted to be the lower plate of a thrust-system at crustal levels during the Ottawan Orogeny (1090-1050 Ma) of the Grenvillian orogenic cycle. Garnet is abundant throughout the Adirondacks, with the greatest occurrence of megacrystic garnets within central Highlands. In the Gore Mountain area, the Hooper Mine is located 5 kilometers northwest of the Barton Mine and consists of partially melted mafic granulite. The mineral assemblage consists of medium grain size plagioclase, green hornblende and garnet in proportion 60:20:20. We separated the garnets of the Hooper Mine in two categories according to their size, chemical zoning and habitus: (1) Large, euhedral garnet porphyroblasts of diameter > 5 cm (LG), and (2) and small, xenoblastic grains (SG). Both types of garnets contain quartz, rutile and melt inclusions, similar to those observed in Barton Mine (Ferrero et al., 2021). In LG, chemical zoning is weak and inclusions are scattered randomly within the mineral. In SG, zoning coincides with the presence of quartz and melt inclusions in domain of low Ca and Y. Ti-in-quartz and Ti-in-amphibole thermometers in SG give equilibrium temperatures of 800-900 °C at 10 kbar.

Major and trace element analyses on rehomogenised melt inclusions in both types of garnet indicate two types of melts are present in the migmatite – granitic melt in SG and trondhjemitic melt in LG. Stable isotope ratios of oxygen and hydrogen in hornblende (δ2H: -62 to -73 0/00 and δ18O: 4.7 to 6.7 0/00) indicate that partial melting occurs in a closed isotopic system and records the primary magmatic δ2H signature of the protolith. The range of melt chemistries, combined with the information previously collected in the Barton Mine defines a trend characteristic of primitive TTG melts or TTG embryos. These melts, combined with different proportion of peritectic phases (i.e. garnet, plagioclase and quartz), reproduces the full TTG chemistry range (Moyen, 2011). Therefore, the Mesoproterozoic mafic lower crust might be a perfect laboratory to test early granitoids genesis processes and better understand the link between melt inclusions, plate tectonics and the formation of the continental crust (Nicoli & Ferrero, 2021). 



Ferrero, S. et al. (2021). Embryos of TTGs in Gore Mountain garnet megacrysts from water-fluxed melting of the lower crust. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 569, 117058.

Darling, R. S. and Peck W.H. (2016). Metamorphic conditions of Adirondack rocks. Adirondack Journal of Environmental Studies, 21(1), 7.

Moyen, J. F. (2011). The composite Archaean grey gneisses: petrological significance, and evidence for a non-unique tectonic setting for Archaean crustal growth. Lithos, 123(1-4), 21-36.

Nicoli, G., & Ferrero, S. (2021). Nanorocks, volatiles and plate tectonics. Geoscience Frontiers, 12(5), 101188.

How to cite: Nicoli, G., Ferrero, S., Darling, R., Yakymchuk, C., Wunder, B., and Tollan, P.: Multiple partial melts trapped in garnets from the Adirondacks lower crust: clues for TTG formation, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-2271,, 2022.