EGU22-2542, updated on 27 Mar 2022
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Feasibility of Brassica juncea as a Hyperaccumulator in Phytomining of Cu and Zn

Mark Grimm
Mark Grimm
  • Brandenburg Technical University, Faculty 2, Cottbus, Germany (

Affordable environmentally friendly solutions are essential for the remediation of waste sites globally. 
Phytoremediation is an increasingly popular environmentally friendly method to help remediate waste 
sites and offset costs of waste site remediation. A greenhouse experiment was set up using to determine 
uptake of metallic zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu) solution by known hyperaccumulator Brassica juncea. With
treatments (T)1- 4, having final added soil concentrations of 100, 200, 310, and 330 mg kg -1 elemental Zn 
and Cu respectively. At 8 weeks, samples were harvested, weighed, and measured for atomic emission 
spectrometry (Agilent Technologies 4210 MP-AES). Phytotoxicity was determined based on visual 
observation, biomass, and chlorophyll measurements. The results showed no significant difference 
between the root mass of control, T1, and T2, whereafter T3 and T4 showed a 52.6%, and 73.7
decrease in mean root mass. There was no observable significant difference in leaf or stem mass among 
control, T1-T3, though the mean average of leaf mass decreased across all treatments. T4 showed 
significant difference in average leaf mass from control with a 46.1% decrease in average mass. At the 
highest concentration levels, T4 showed a 62.3% decrease in stem mass when compared to the control. 
AES measurements revealed pools of Zn and Cu in root, leaf, and stem material. The highest 
concentrations of Zn and Cu were to be found in the stem material, with highest observed 
concentrations (T4) being 11,700 mg kg-1 of Zn and 3,116 mg kg-1 of Cu. AES measured leaf material also 
showed large pools of both Zn and Cu with highest observed values (T4) being 5,813 mg kg-1
for Zn and 2,901 mg kg-1 for Cu. It can be determined from this experiment that B. juncea shows the ability to grow 
in heightened levels of Zn and Cu, as well as associate excess free Zn and Cu ions into plant tissues. 

How to cite: Grimm, M.: Feasibility of Brassica juncea as a Hyperaccumulator in Phytomining of Cu and Zn, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-2542,, 2022.