EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Public perceptions of flood and drought risk: Gender differences in Italy and Sweden 

Elena Mondino1,2,3, Elena Raffetti1,3,4, and Giuliano Di Baldassarre1,3
Elena Mondino et al.
  • 1Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden (
  • 2Institute for Environmental Sciences, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
  • 3Centre of Natural Hazards and Disaster Science, Sweden
  • 4Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK

Hydrological extremes still cause severe damage worldwide. Understanding people’s perceptions of drought and flood risk, and their changes over time, can help researchers, practitioners, and policymakers assist communities at risk. In particular, identifying and highlighting gender differences in the perception of hydrological risk is fundamental to promote fair disaster risk reduction policies which take such differences into account. To this end, we collected national survey data three times over a year on risk perception, knowledge, and preparedness in regard to floods and droughts in Italy and Sweden. Preliminary results show that: i) the perceptions of drought and flood risk are heavily intertwined; and ii) women show a higher fluctuation in perception over time compared to men, especially when it comes to floods. These results and their implications show how important it is to integrate gender into the management of floods and drought and into risk communication, as well as to promote policies that simultaneously address flood and drought risk.

How to cite: Mondino, E., Raffetti, E., and Di Baldassarre, G.: Public perceptions of flood and drought risk: Gender differences in Italy and Sweden , EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-2691,, 2022.