EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Anaerobic soil disinfestation benefits soil health while at a high environmental cost in solar greenhouse vegetable production systems

Li Wan1,2, Yiming Zhao2, Longlong Xia1, Jing Hu2, Tongxin Xue2, Haofeng Lv2, Klaus Butterbach-Bahl1, and Shan Lin2
Li Wan et al.
  • 1Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research - Atmospheric Environmental Research (IMK-IFU), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany (
  • 2College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China

Vegetable production in solar greenhouses in Eastern China generally suffers from over-fertilization and unreasonable irrigation, which result in severe soil degradation and soil-borne pathogens occurrence. Anaerobic soil disinfestation (ASD), as a newly developed economic technique, can combat pathogens in greenhouse vegetable soils. The ASD can create strong reductive conditions through the decomposition of added fresh C sources (crop residues or livestock manure) under saturated irrigation and warm conditions induced by plastic coverage to kill soil pathogens. However, ASD-induced organic matters application may increase N leaching and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, which remains unknown. Here, we investigated the effects of combined application of two crop residues (rice shells/maize straw) with different amounts of dry chicken manure (0, 300, 600, 1200 kg N ha-1) on N leaching and GHG emissions losses in greenhouse vegetable production systems adopting ASD technique in Eastern China. Our results showed that seasonal N leaching and N2O emissions ranged from 144-306 kg N ha-1 and 3-44 kg N ha-1, respectively, which both significantly increased with manure application rate. Approximately 56-91% of seasonal N2O emissions occurred during the ASD period (5 weeks before vegetable transplantation), whereas 75-100% of total N leaching occurred in the following vegetable-growing season after ASD. The incorporation of crop residues significantly increased N2O emissions by 33-47% while decreasing N leaching by 26-27% compared with CK treatment. The application rate of chicken manure did not affect vegetable yield while significantly increasing the greenhouse gas intensity (GHGI) and reactive N losses intensity (NrI), with reducing 75% manure application significantly decreased 40-45% and 33-38% in GHGI and NrI, respectively. Our results demonstrate that overfertilization with conventional irrigation will not benefit the yield but at a high cost in environment N losses. Overall, current ASD schemes combined with additional manure and irrigation schemes need to be adapted to avoid GHG emissions and N leaching for reducing environmental pollution and improving the sustainability of greenhouse vegetable production systems.

How to cite: Wan, L., Zhao, Y., Xia, L., Hu, J., Xue, T., Lv, H., Butterbach-Bahl, K., and Lin, S.: Anaerobic soil disinfestation benefits soil health while at a high environmental cost in solar greenhouse vegetable production systems, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-2693,, 2022.