EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Insights into using HAIR2014 tool for estimating soil pesticide risks in Irish grasslands for selected herbicide active substances 

Alina Premrov1,2, Matthew Saunders1, Dara Stanley3, Blanaid White4, James C. Carolan5, James Quirke6, Mike Broderick6, Kenneth Conroy6, Jesko Zimmermann7, and Jane Stout1
Alina Premrov et al.
  • 1Botany Department, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland (
  • 2ICARUS, Geography Department, Maynooth University, Maynooth, Kildare, Ireland
  • 3School of Agriculture and Food Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
  • 4School of Chemical Sciences, DCU Water Institute, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland
  • 5Department of Biology, Maynooth University, Maynooth, Kildare, Ireland
  • 6Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine, Backweston, Kildare, Ireland
  • 7Teagasc, Rural Economy & Development Programme, Ashtown, Dublin, Ireland

In this study we used the HAIR (HArmonized environmental Indicators for pesticide Risk) modelling tool [1],[2] for estimating the risks of pesticide use in Irish grassland soils, as part of the PROTECTS research project [3]. This project aims to provide baseline information in an Irish context to build towards mitigating the effects of pesticide use on terrestrial ecosystem services, focusing on pollinators and soils. Our study focused on estimating the potential terrestrial risks posed by pesticides on soils in the form of earthworm terrestrial risk-indicators (ETRe) using the HAIR2014 [2] for selected herbicide active substances (ASs). The work involved a refinement of the HAIR2014 tool for Irish conditions, as explained in Premrov et. al (2021) [4]. In brief, this included upgrading the spatial (GEO) database, climate data inputs and ‘crop-regions’ for Ireland [4]. An Irish grassland land-use (LU) map was derived from PERSAM data/maps [5] and the remaining inputs (i.e. soil inputs) were obtained from the HAIR2014 default databases [2] (assigned to the new grid [4]). The pesticide application/usage inputs were derived from published national surveys on plant-protection product (PPP) usage for Ireland [6]. Recent advancements include work on building a compound-database for HAIR2014 for the selected ASs of interest (e.g. glyphosate, MCPA, MCPP, 2,4-D, 2,4-DB, etc. ). This requires information for a number of physico-chemical and other parameters for these ASs, which are sourced from EU regulatory and evaluation data and EFSA publications, in addition to other relevant sources. We will present the generated HAIR2014 simulation outputs in the form of ETRe risk indicator maps for selected herbicide ASs for Irish grasslands.  The aim of this work is to generate pesticide risk indicator output maps for soils in Irish grasslands that will inform an area-based risk assessment, as well as assist the development of recommendations for potential future national soil-monitoring and sampling needs.



Thanks go to Irish Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine (DAFM) for funding the PROTECTS project.



[1] HAIR2014, (last assessed 2022). HArmonized environmental Indicators for pesticide Risk. URLs:;

[2] Kruijne, R., et al.  (2011). HAIR2014 Software Manual (2014);  Hair 2010 Documentation Alterra Wageningen UR.

[3] PROTECTS project, (2018). Protecting terrestrial ecosystems through sustainable pesticide use URL:

[4] Premrov, A., Saunders, M., Zimmermann, J., Stout, J., (2021). Insights into preliminary procedures for estimation of soil pesticide risks in Irish grasslands using HAIR2014 tool, IGRM2021, Limerick, Ireland. URL:

[5] EFSA, (2015). Data PERSAM tool. URL:  https://esdac jrc ec europa eu/content/european food safety authority efsa data persam software tool (and there cited data sources)

[6] DAFM, (last assessed 2022) Pesticide Statistics Pesticide Usage Surveys. URL: https://www pcs agriculture gov ie/sud/pesticidestatistics/

How to cite: Premrov, A., Saunders, M., Stanley, D., White, B., Carolan, J. C., Quirke, J., Broderick, M., Conroy, K., Zimmermann, J., and Stout, J.: Insights into using HAIR2014 tool for estimating soil pesticide risks in Irish grasslands for selected herbicide active substances , EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-2989,, 2022.