EGU General Assembly 2022
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the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

GPR prospecting in the archaeological site of Cavallino, Lecce, Italy

Raffaele Persico1, Grazia Semeraro2, Corrado Notario2, and Ilaria Catapano3
Raffaele Persico et al.
  • 1University of Calabria
  • 2University of Salento

In this abstract we propose the results of GPR measurements [1-2] performed in a site of cultural interest. In particular, the measurements were performed in a rectangular area inside the Messapic archaeological ancient settlement of Cavallino, close to Lecce (southern Italy) with a RIS-Hi model GPR system manufactured by IDSGeoradar s.r.l. and belonging to the Institute for the Electromagnetic Sensing of the Environment IREA-CNR. The data processing was performed according to a classical sequence of steps provided by zero timing, background removal, gain vs. depth, 1D filtering and time domain migration [3]. Afterwards, slicing was performed too and the results were georeferenced in QGIS thanks to the coordinatives of the four vertex of the rectangular area. The results indicate that there are some possible Messapic remains in the investigated area and suggest somehow the most promising point for a future localized excavation.  Future development will regard further processing of the data with an inverse scattering [4] algorithm accompanied with a shifting zoom procedure, that will make it possible to apply the inverse scattering approach to an electrically large domain [5].



This work is supported by the project AMOR – Advanced Multimedia and Observation services for 
the Rome cultural heritage ecosystem, financed within the call ESA 5G for L’ART (Business Applications programme).


[1] F. Gabellone, G. Leucci, N. Masini, R. Persico, G. Quarta, F. Grasso, “Nondestructive Prospecting and virtual reconstruction of the chapel of the Holy Spirit in Lecce, Italy”, Near Surface Geophysics, vol. 11, n. 2, pp. 231-238, April 2013.

[2] R. Persico, S. D'Amico, L. Matera, E. Colica, C. De, Giorgio, A. Alescio, C. Sammut and P. Galea, GPR Investigations at St John's Co‐Cathedral in Valletta. Near Surface Geophysics, vol. 17 n. 3, pp. 213-229. doi:10.1002/nsg.12046, 2019.

[3] G. Gennarelli, I. Catapano, F. Soldovieri, R. Persico, On the Achievable Imaging Performance in Full 3-D Linear Inverse Scattering, IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation,  vol. 63, n. 3, pp. 1150-1155, March 2015.

[4] I. Catapano, G. Gennarelli, G. Ludeno and F. Soldovieri, "Applying Ground-Penetrating Radar and Microwave Tomography Data Processing in Cultural Heritage: State of the Art and Future Trends," in IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 53-61, July 2019,.

[5] R. Persico, G. Ludeno, F. Soldovieri, A. De Coster, S. Lambot, 2D linear inversion of GPR data with a shifting zoom along the observation line, Remote Sensing, 9, 980; doi: 10.3390/rs9100980, open access, 2017.


How to cite: Persico, R., Semeraro, G., Notario, C., and Catapano, I.: GPR prospecting in the archaeological site of Cavallino, Lecce, Italy, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-3152,, 2022.