EGU General Assembly 2022
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Simulation study of water balance and solute transport in agricultural soil in Haouz region, Morocco

el houcine el moussaoui, Aicha Moumni, and Abderrahman Lahrouni
el houcine el moussaoui et al.
  • cadi ayyad, faculty of Sciences Semlalia , physics, Morocco (

The hydraulic basin of Tensift is a concrete example of diversification and increase of pollutants discharged without treatment into the natural environment. This issue strongly threatens the water resources of this basin and makes it extremely sensitive to pollution, including groundwater that is a strategic resource in this area. The purpose of this study is to simulate two phenomena, which are hydrodynamic operation and leaching of solute in the conditions of the Haouz region.

The study was conducted on the R3 perimeter. It is an irrigated agricultural sector in the region of Sidi Rahal, about 40 km east of Marrakech city, Morocco. To carry out this work, the VS2DI model was chosen for the following reasons: accessibility, reliability, and free of charge. This model popularly uses Cartesian or radial coordinates and allows solving the Richards equation to model the water transfer and the convection-dispersion equation to model the transport of solutes and heat in a porous and variably saturated medium. Our research team collects the data needed for the VS2DI model during the agricultural season of 2002/2003. The collected data is related to climatic conditions, soil, plant, and cultivation practice. 

The results obtained showed that for the scenarios studied the moisture of the upper layers increases and tends towards saturation depending on the value of the flux imposed on the surface. However, the deep layers remain unsaturated for a long time because of drainage. Thus, after one day and for a flux of 12 cm/d, the first 40cm of the soil is saturated. For the 4 cm/d flow, the saturation, during 24h, did not exceed the 30 cm depth. Knowing that these upper layers are subject to strong thermal gradients and root extractions. On the other hand, in the simulations of solute transport, we try to describe the evolution of the degree of contamination of a layer after a period of one day as a function of the imposed water flow and the concentration of solute on the surface.

The results obtained by these simulations show that at 20cm depth the solute concentration starts to change only after a period of 4h and that the rate of change of the concentration is almost linear with time for each given water flux. Beyond 4h, the rate of change of the solute at this depth decreases in a non-linear way with the increase of the water flux imposed on the surface. From these first tests, we can say that this model performs water balances in an acceptable way. It has also been proved that the saturation rate of the soil increases with the increase of the imposed flux and of the moisture of this layer. Finally, it was found that the rate of change of the solute at a given depth decreases non-linearly with the imposed water flux at the surface.

How to cite: el moussaoui, E. H., Moumni, A., and Lahrouni, A.: Simulation study of water balance and solute transport in agricultural soil in Haouz region, Morocco, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-3201,, 2022.