EGU22-326, updated on 26 Mar 2022
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Feature of Surface Waves Generated by Polar Lows

Vahid Cheshm Siyahi1, Vladimir Kudryavtsev1,2, and Maria Yurovskaya1,2
Vahid Cheshm Siyahi et al.
  • 1Russian State Hydrometeorological University, Satellite Oceanography Laboratory, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation (
  • 2Marine Hydrophysical Institute of RAS, Sevastopol, Russian Federation

A parametric wave model developed by Kudryavtsev et al. (2021) is adapted for Arctic conditions, to help simulate surface waves generated by non-stationary and non-uniform wind fields, to study extreme events in the Norwegian and Barents seas. The ERA-5 reanalysis wind field is used as the input parameter. The model equations are solved using method of characteristics and solutions are then presented as hourly fields of wave parameters (significant wave height, SWH, wavelength, and direction) on the regular grid. The satellite altimeter data are used to validate the model results. Model outputs can then be readily compared with all available satellite observations, including Sentinel-3, Altika and CryoSat-2 measurements.

Observations and analysis of model simulations reveal appearance of abnormal high surface waves, resulting from a resonant fetch-enhancement associated to travelling wind fields.  In other words, the generation of waves in the “spiral-shaped” PLs is most likely associated with the generation of waves in the TCs. However, in PLs with a “comma-shape”, the resonance effect occurs when the strong wind zone inside the PL is located in the right sector, where the direction of the wind velocity coincides with the movement of the front. That is, the surface wave group velocity enters in resonance with moving wind field features, leading to abnormal wave development.


The results presented in this work were obtained with the financial support of the Russian Science Foundation, Grant No. 21-47-00038, State Assignment of the Ministry of Science and Education No. 0763-2020-0005 at RSHU, and No. 0555-2021-0004 at MHI RAS.


Kudryavtsev, V., Yurovskaya M. , Chapron, B., 2021. “2D parametric model for surface wave development in wind field varying in space and time”, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, Vol. 126.

How to cite: Cheshm Siyahi, V., Kudryavtsev, V., and Yurovskaya, M.: Feature of Surface Waves Generated by Polar Lows, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-326,, 2022.


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