EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Meteorological and agricultural drought indices in semiarid grasslands monitoring

Andrés Felipe Almeida Ñauñay1,4, Ernesto Sanz1,4, María Villeta1,2, Miguel Quemada1,3, and Ana María Tarquis1,4
Andrés Felipe Almeida Ñauñay et al.
  • 1Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Centro de Estudios e Investigación para la Gestión de Riesgos Agrarios y Medioambientales. CEIGRAM, Madrid, Spain (
  • 2Department of Statistics and Data Science, Facultad de Estudios Estadísticos. Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Avenida Puerta de Hierro s/n 28040, Madrid, Spain. ()
  • 3Department of Agricultural Production, ETSIAAB, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Avda. Puerta de Hierro, n° 2-4, 28040, Madrid, Spain.
  • 4Grupo de Sistemas Complejos, ETSIAAB, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Avda. Puerta de Hierro, n° 2-4, 28040, Madrid, Spain.

Mediterranean agriculture faces drought as one of the most challenging obstacles to overcome. Especially, in semiarid grasslands, where every year the biomass production suffers severe damage due to several factors, being one of them the lack of precipitation. For this reason, semiarid vegetation monitoring allows us to improve the management and conservation of these essential ecosystems. Meteorological drought is commonly monitored using indices such as the Standard Precipitation Index (SPI) and the Standard Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI). On the other hand, agricultural drought is measured by the Vegetation Health Index (VHI). In this work, we present different methodologies to optimize the correlation between both droughts by standardizing the vegetation index and selecting the best time scale throughout the year.

First, we selected drought-vulnerable Mediterranean grasslands zones in the centre of Spain. By doing this, we pretend to evaluate the performance and the sensibility of the drought indices. MODIS data (MOD09Q1) was used to calculate the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), then it is standardised to define a standardized vegetation index (SVI). The meteorological indices SPI and SPEI were calculated using data collected from nearby weather stations. Overall, our results revealed that SPEI was better correlated with SVI and obtained better results in the critical seasons, in comparison to SPI. The quarterly scale was the most suitable, showing a higher relationship than the monthly scale. This fact suggest that vegetation growth phases should be considered in agricultural drought detection. The most sensitive time frame throughout the year was spring and autumn, implying that drought indices (SPI and SPEI) along with vegetation index (SVI) could offer an improvement in the monitoring during these periods.



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Sanz, Ernesto Antonio Saa-Requejo, Carlos H. Díaz-Ambrona, Margarita Ruiz-Ramos, Alfredo Rodríguez, Eva Iglesias, Paloma Esteve, Bárbara Soriano and Ana M. Tarquis (2021). Normalized Difference Vegetation Index Temporal Responses to Temperature and Precipitation in Arid Rangelands. Remote Sens., 13(5), 840.

Andrés F. Almeida-Ñauñay, Rosa María Benito, Miguel Quemada, Juan Carlos Losada and Ana M. Tarquis (2021). The Vegetation–Climate System Complexity through Recurrence Analysis. Entropy, 23(5), 559.

Sanz, E.; Saa-Requejo, A.; Díaz-Ambrona, C.H.; Ruiz-Ramos, M.; Rodríguez, A.; Iglesias, E.; Esteve, P.; Soriano, B.; Tarquis, A.M. (2021). Generalized Structure Functions and Multifractal Detrended Fluctuation Analysis Applied to Vegetation Index Time Series: An Arid Rangeland Study. Entropy, 23, 576.

Almeida-Ñauñay, A. F., Benito, R. M., Quemada, M., Losada, J. C., & Tarquis, A. M. (2022). Recurrence plots for quantifying the vegetation indices dynamics in a semi-arid grassland. Geoderma, 406, 115488.

How to cite: Almeida Ñauñay, A. F., Sanz, E., Villeta, M., Quemada, M., and Tarquis, A. M.: Meteorological and agricultural drought indices in semiarid grasslands monitoring, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-360,, 2022.

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