EGU22-4375
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-4375
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Cloud Classification and Characteristics Analysis of Stratocumulus Clouds over Bucharest-Magurele, Romania

Genica Liliana Saftoiu Golea1,2, Sabina Stefan1, Bogdan Antonescu3, Gabriela Iorga1,4, and Tiberiu Hriscan1,5
Genica Liliana Saftoiu Golea et al.
  • 1University of Bucharest, Faculty of Physics, Magurele, Romania
  • 2"Horia Hulubei” National Institute for Nuclear Physics and Engineering, IFIN-HH, Bucharest-Magurele, Romania
  • 3National Institute for Research and Development in Optoelectronics, INOE 2000, Magurele, Romania
  • 4University of Bucharest, Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Physical Chemistry, Bucharest, Romania
  • 5National Meteorological Administration, Bucharest, Romania

Stratocumulus clouds represent one of the key components of the Earth's radiative balance because it generally reflects incident solar radiation. The aim of the study is to understand the cloud occurrence and characteristics of stratocumulus clouds using satellite data collected from Dec 2019 to Feb 2021. The time series for cloud characteristics contained 10944 hourly profiles of which 1513 were for Stratocumulus clouds. We used a statistical cloud classification model based on data on cloud optical depth and cloud pressure top. Of the total clouds measured, Cumulus clouds were the most frequently detected (25 %), followed by Altocumulus clouds (17.48 %), Cirrus clouds (17.01 %) and Stratocumulus clouds (13.82 %). We focused on the Stratocumulus clouds. They represent a higher percentage of the total number of clouds detected, especially, in the winter months. A series of macrophysical and microphysical stratocumulus cloud parameters (cloud cover fraction, cloud top temperature, cloud top pressure, cloud height, cloud optical depth, liquid water path) were extracted from the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) database for Magurele, a region in south west Bucharest, Romania. The highest median value for liquid water path was observed in winter 2020–2021 (61.4 g m-2), reflecting the large number of Stratocumulus cloud observations during this period. The lowest median value for liquid water path was 35.14 g m-2 in summer 2020. The cloud water radius of the liquid particles has similar median values ​​(8.67 - 8.92 μm) during the study period except for the winter 2020–2021, when the median value of the radius had the maximum value (9.69 μm). We calculated cloud geometric depth of the stratocumulus clouds, whose median value varied between 141.7 m (summer) and 187.3 m (winter). All these characteristics help us better understand the climatology of stratocumulus clouds [1].

Acknowledgment

GLSG work was supported by the Romanian Nucleu Programme - Project PN 19 06 03 03. GLSG work was also supported by the University of Bucharest, PhD research grant. SS, GI and TH acknowledge the support from NO Grants 2014-2021, under Project EEA-RO-NO-2019-0423, contract no 31/01.09.2020.  BA work was supported by a grant of the Romanian Ministry of Education and Research, CNCS-UEFISCDI (Project No. PN-III-P1-1.1-TE-2019-0649) within PNCDI III. BA work was also supported by the Romanian National Core Program (Contract No. 18N/2019). Present research [1] was accepted for publication and is currently in press at Romanian Reports in Physics (http://www.rrp.infim.ro/IP/AP601.pdf).

How to cite: Saftoiu Golea, G. L., Stefan, S., Antonescu, B., Iorga, G., and Hriscan, T.: Cloud Classification and Characteristics Analysis of Stratocumulus Clouds over Bucharest-Magurele, Romania, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-4375, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-4375, 2022.