EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Markovian features of the Super-MAG Auroral Electrojet Index

Simone Benella1, Giuseppe Consolini1, Mirko Stumpo2,1, and Tommaso Alberti1
Simone Benella et al.
  • 1INAF - Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali, Rome, Italy
  • 2Department of Physics, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy

Earth's magnetospheric dynamics displays dynamical complexity during magnetic substorms and storms. This complex dynamics includes both  stochastic and deterministic features, which manifest at different timescales. In this work, we investigate the stochastic properties of the  magnetospheric substorm dynamics by analysing the Markovian character of the SuperMAG SME time series, which is used as a proxy of the energy  deposition rate in the auroral regions. In detail, performing the Chapman-Kolmogorov test, the SME dynamics appears to satisfy the Markov condition  below 100 minutes. Moreover, the Kramer-Moyal analysis allows to highlight that a purely diffusive process is not representative of the magnetospheric  dynamics, as the fourth order Kramers-Moyal coefficient does not vanish. As a consequence, we show that a model comprising both diffusion and  Poisson-jump processes is more suitable to reproduce the SME dynamical features at small scales. A discussion of the similarities and differences  between this model and the actual SME properties is provided with a special emphasis on the metastability of the Earth’s magnetospheric dynamics.  Finally, the relevance of our results in the framework of Space Weather is also addressed.

How to cite: Benella, S., Consolini, G., Stumpo, M., and Alberti, T.: Markovian features of the Super-MAG Auroral Electrojet Index, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-4513,, 2022.