EGU22-477, updated on 26 Mar 2022
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Spatial heterogeneity of monsoon precipitation over the Asian continent during the termination of MIS-9 

Rachana Subba1, Prosenjit Ghosh1, Kaustubh Thirumalai2, Judson Partin3, Madhusudhan G Yadava4, Chuan Chou Shen5, Steven C Clemens6, Mahjoor Ahmad Lone5, Tsai Luen Yu5, Narayana Chinna Allu7, and Rengaswamy Ramesh4
Rachana Subba et al.
  • 1Indian Institute of Science, Indian Institute of Science, Centre for Earth Sciences, Bengaluru, India ( (
  • 2Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona, 1040 E 4th Street, AZ, USA 85721 (
  • 3Institute for Geophysics, Jackson School of Geosciences, University of Texas at Austin, TX, USA (
  • 4Geosciences Division, Physical Research Laboratory, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad 380 009, India (
  • 5High-Precision Mass Spectrometry and Environment Change Laboratory (HISPEC), Department of Geosciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan, ROC (
  • 6Department of Earth, Environmental, and Planetary Sciences, Brown University, RI, USA (
  • 7Centre for Earth and Space Sciences, University of Hyderabad, Gachibowli, Hyderabad, 500 046, India (

Understanding the spatial and temporal variability of rainfall which is regulated by the strength of Asian monsoon requires an observational network dispersed across the continental landmass. The operation of monsoonal circulation during the last one million years is possible to be reconstructed using the geochemical and isotopic record available from cave speleothems. The monsoonal circulation brings rain and excess precipitation due to interplay of monsoonal wind strength which is governed by the seasonal movement of Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) from ocean to the continent. A consensual view is that both the operation of East Asian Summer Monsoon (EASM) and Indian Summer Monsoon (ISM) are in accordance with the orbital forcing. However, the lack of terrestrial records of ISM rainfall variability over glacial interglacial time scales precludes insights into pan-Asian monsoon forcing and related mechanisms. Here, we present independent estimates of temperature change from the clumped isotope record in speleothem from Belum cave, continental India, covering glacial interglacial transition (MIS-9). The palaeo data is used in conjugation with the already reported δ¹⁸O records from Chinese caves and Mean Annual Precipitation from Chinese Loess Plateau (CLP), which are influenced by the EASM, to understand the spatial variability of δ¹⁸O records and its significance in regulation of moisture transport process away from equator. A comparative study across latitudes, particularly at the peak of the interglacial period MIS 9 (after ~320 ka) brings to light the intensification of rainfall accompanied by relatively higher temperature (~35°C in Belum cave- 15.10°N) exhibited by both the ISM system and EASM System (Xiao cave 26.04°N). However, shift in δ¹⁸O record of caves above 30° N (Sanbao and Linzhu caves) is less, though the trend is similar. A recent study of CLP (36.35°N) reported a drop in mean precipitation by ~300mm post 320 ka. Such variation of the mid-latitude precipitation intensity may probably be a consequence of the combined effect of ice volume and snow cover in the Northern hemisphere and low latitude climate changes.

How to cite: Subba, R., Ghosh, P., Thirumalai, K., Partin, J., Yadava, M. G., Shen, C. C., Clemens, S. C., Lone, M. A., Yu, T. L., Allu, N. C., and Ramesh, R.: Spatial heterogeneity of monsoon precipitation over the Asian continent during the termination of MIS-9 , EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-477,, 2022.


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