EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Tungsten isotope implications for the source of ocean island basalts from the Marquesas Archipelago

Marie-Theres Herret1, Andrea Mundl-Petermeier1, Paterno Castillo2, and Doyeon Kim3
Marie-Theres Herret et al.
  • 1University of Vienna, Department of Lithospheric Research, Vienna, Austria (
  • 2Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego, San Diego, USA
  • 3Department of Geophysics, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland

The application of the short-lived radiogenic 182Hf/182W-system (t1/2 = 8.9 Ma [1]) is a good approach to study early differentiation processes or potential involvement of long-term isolated and/or core-influenced mantle domains as components for ocean island basalts (OIB) [2,3].

Several examples of OIB worldwide (e.g., Hawaii, Samoa and Iceland) exhibit a negative He-W correlation [2], possibly connected to the incorporation of primordial material characterized by high 3He/4He ratios and negative µ182W (182W/184W deviation of a sample from laboratory standards in parts per million). Anomalous W isotope compositions in combination with elevated 3He/4He ratios have previously been connected to seismically anomalous structures in the lowermost mantle, so-called “(mega) ultra-low velocity zones” [3]. Recently, such a structure was discovered beneath the Marquesas Archipelago [4]. This volcanic island chain is located in the South Pacific, in proximity of the Marquesas Fraction Zone. Its formation process is not yet fully understood. Based on high 3He/4He ratios in combination with other geochemical characteristics, such as Sr, Nd and Pb isotopes, a deep-lying mantle source has been suggested [5].

In this study, we have analysed seven samples from two islands of the Marquesas Archipelago, which exhibit 3He/4He ratios up to 14.4 Ra [5]. µ182W ranges from -3.6 ±3.1 to 4.7 ±8.5. Hence, despite elevated 3He/4He in some of the samples, none of them display resolved negative 182W anomalies and thus, no negative He-W correlation is observed. Interpretations for the decoupling of He-W systematics in samples from the Marquesas Archipelago will be discussed.



[1] Vockenhuber et al., 2004, Phys. Rev. Lett.

[2] Mundl et al., 2017, Science

[3] Mundl-Petermeier et al., 2020, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta

[4] Kim et al., 2020, Science

[5] Castillo et al., 2007, Chem. Geol.

How to cite: Herret, M.-T., Mundl-Petermeier, A., Castillo, P., and Kim, D.: Tungsten isotope implications for the source of ocean island basalts from the Marquesas Archipelago, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-4890,, 2022.