EGU22-5458
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-5458
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Plant phosphorus-use and -acquisition strategies and energy costs in Amazonia

Tatiana Reichert1, Anja Rammig1, Lucia Fuchslueger2, Laynara F. Lugli1,3, Carlos A. Quesada3, Phillip Papastefanou4,1, Konstantin Gregor1, and Katrin Fleischer5,1
Tatiana Reichert et al.
  • 1Technical University of Munich, School of Life Sciences, Professorship for Land Surface-Atmosphere Interactions, Freising, Germany (tatiana.reichert@tum.de)
  • 2University of Vienna, Centre of Microbiology and Environmental Systems Science, Vienna, Austria
  • 3National Institute of Amazonian Research, Manaus, Brazil
  • 4Lund University, Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science, Lund, Sweden
  • 5Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Department Biogeochemical Signals, Jena, Germany

Phosphorus (P) is one of the main limiting nutrients for forest productivity in Amazonia. To meet P needs, plants invest resources in different strategies which may increase their P-use efficiency, e.g., by resorbing P from senescing organs, or increase their P-acquisition efficiency, e.g., by acclimating fine root traits (architectural, morphological, physiological, and symbiotic). P-acquisition strategies can be categorized into foraging strategies related to the uptake of plant-available P or mining strategies related to the mobilization and uptake of less available forms of P. However, little is known about the effects of soil P on plant P-use and -acquisition strategies in Amazonia. Therefore, we have conducted a literature review and synthesized the current knowledge on the variation of different P-use and -acquisition strategies across soil P fertility gradients and their response to P fertilization in Amazonia and other tropical forests (Reichert et al., in press). We provide a conceptual framework on the distribution of these strategies in Amazonia and propose that, at the plant community level, foraging strategies (via fine roots and arbuscular mycorrhizas) are more prevalent and may contribute most for plant P uptake in soils with intermediate to high P availability, and leaf P resorption and mining strategies (via root exudation of acid phosphatases and organic acids) in soils with intermediate to low P availability (Reichert et al., in press). Here, we suggest that the investment in different P-acquisition strategies may be partially explained by the energy cost per unit P acquired. Based on the assumption that this cost varies with strategy and the form of P and its concentration in the soil (Raven et al., 2018), we have developed a stand-alone theoretical model to predict plant investments in P acquisition and test our conceptual framework. We constrain the model with field observations on forest growth and soil nutrients from sites in Amazonia and explore possible shifts in P-acquisition strategies along soil P fertility gradients.

Raven JA, Lambers H, Smith SE, Westoby M. 2018. Costs of acquiring phosphorus by vascular land plants: patterns and implications for plant coexistence. New Phytologist 217(4): 1420-1427.

Reichert T, Rammig A, Fuchslueger L, Lugli LF, Quesada CA, Fleischer K. In press. Plant phosphorus-use and -acquisition strategies in Amazonia. New Phytologist.

How to cite: Reichert, T., Rammig, A., Fuchslueger, L., F. Lugli, L., A. Quesada, C., Papastefanou, P., Gregor, K., and Fleischer, K.: Plant phosphorus-use and -acquisition strategies and energy costs in Amazonia, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-5458, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-5458, 2022.