EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Hydrogen storage potential in the Upper Rhein Graben area

Johannes Miocic1 and Niklas Heinemann2
Johannes Miocic and Niklas Heinemann
  • 1Energy and Sustainability Research Institute Groningen, University of Groningen, Netherlands (
  • 2School of Geosciences, University of Edinburgh, UK

Energy storage is thought to be a crucial part of renewable energy systems as it helps to alleviate the main drawbacks of renewable energy generation: their intermittency and seasonal and geographical constrains. Subsurface storage of hydrogen is one often cited option for geological energy storage and may facilitate the energy transition. Hydrogen can be stored in porous media, such as saline aquifers and depleted hydrocarbon reservoirs, and in engineered salt caverns.

The Upper Rhine Graben (URG) lies within the tri-national Upper Rhine Region where across-boarder decarbonisation scenarios require energy storage infrastructure. Here, we analyse the hydrogen storage potential of sedimentary formations within the URG based on available geological data and models. While the deeply buried sandstones of the Permo-Triassic have generally low permeabilities and porosities and only form fractured reservoirs which have limited suitability for hydrogen storage, Paleogene deposits have some storage potential and host also numerous hydrocarbon reservoirs which may be reutilised. Salt diapirs in the southern URG have the potential to hold many engineered salt caverns with significant storage potential, however the geological knowledge of the internal structure of the salt diapirs is limited. Overall, the potential of geological hydrogen storage within the URG is in the order of several TWh.


How to cite: Miocic, J. and Heinemann, N.: Hydrogen storage potential in the Upper Rhein Graben area, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-5460,, 2022.