EGU22-5547
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-5547
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Aerosol-cloud interactions over the central Arctic Ocean

Paul Zieger1,2, Linn Karlsson1,2, Andrea Baccarini3,4, Patrick Duplessis5, Darrel Baumgardner6, Ian M. Brooks7, Rachel Chang5, Lubna Dada3,4, Kaspar R. Dällenbach4, Radovan Krejci1,2, W. Richard Leaitch8, Caroline Leck2,9, Matthew E. Salter1,2, Heini Wernli10, Micheal J. Wheeler11, and Julia Schmale3
Paul Zieger et al.
  • 1Stockholm University, Air Research Unit, Department of Environmental Science, Stockholm, Sweden (paul.zieger@aces.su.se)
  • 2Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University, Sweden
  • 3Extreme Environments Research Laboratory, École Polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland
  • 4Laboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry, Paul Scherrer Institute, Switzerland
  • 5Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, Canada
  • 6Droplet Measurement Technologies, LLC, USA
  • 7Institute for Climate and Atmospheric Science, School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, UK
  • 8Climate Research Division, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Canada
  • 9Department of Meteorology, Stockholm University, Sweden
  • 10Department of Environmental Systems Science, ETH Zürich, Switzerland
  • 11Air Quality Research Division, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Canada

The physical and chemical properties of aerosol particles are important for the formation of cloud droplets and ice crystals. This is especially true for pristine regions such as the Arctic, where particle number concentrations are often very low. Observations from these regions are still sparse due to the technical challenges involved.

Here, we present recent results of detailed in-situ observations of aerosols and clouds performed on board the Swedish icebreaker Oden over the central Arctic Ocean in 2018. We show that Aitken-mode particles, i.e. particles below 70 nm diameter, contribute significantly to cloud-forming particles (here termed cloud residuals), especially towards autumn with the start of the freeze-up of the sea ice. These cloud-forming Aitken-mode particles coincided with air that spent more time over the ice, while accumulation-mode dominated cloud residuals showed more of an oceanic influence, as shown using air back trajectory analysis. At the same time, the Aitken-mode dominated cloud residuals were associated with changes in the average chemical composition of the accumulation mode showing an increased organic contribution, in contrast to the accumulation-mode dominated cloud residuals, which showed an increased sulfate contribution. The Hoppel-minima in both whole-air and cloud residual size distributions was almost unchanged, suggesting only little addition of aerosol mass due to aqueous-phase cloud processing. Our highly detailed observations of aerosol-cloud interactions over the central Arctic Ocean close to the North Pole provide valuable insights into the properties and the origin of particles that are relevant for cloud formation in this remote region of our planet.

This work is currently in review at the Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR).

How to cite: Zieger, P., Karlsson, L., Baccarini, A., Duplessis, P., Baumgardner, D., Brooks, I. M., Chang, R., Dada, L., Dällenbach, K. R., Krejci, R., Leaitch, W. R., Leck, C., Salter, M. E., Wernli, H., Wheeler, M. J., and Schmale, J.: Aerosol-cloud interactions over the central Arctic Ocean, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-5547, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-5547, 2022.

Comments on the display material

to access the discussion