EGU22-5963
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-5963
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Aspects derived from the geological, geometrical, and statistical analysis of the Ticino landslide inventory

Amalia Gutierrez1, Marc-Henri Derron1, Michel Jaboyedoff1, and Andrea Pedrazzini2
Amalia Gutierrez et al.
  • 1Risk-group - Institute of Earth Sciences - University of Lausanne; GEOPOLIS – 3793; CH-1015 Lausanne – Switzerland (carlota.gutierrez@unil.ch)
  • 2Sezione forestale, Repubblica e Cantone Ticino - Sezione forestale, Via Franco Zorzi 13, CH- 6501 Bellinzona, Switzerland.

An inventory of more than 2000 mass movement events from the last 20 years from the canton Ticino, in the south of Switzerland, was analysed. The pre-Alpine to Alpine setting, combined with a mild temperate climate makes for a large number of natural events per year. The inventory consists of entries for spatially located movement types corresponding to rockfalls (43 %), debris flows (28%), landslides (17%), and avalanches (12%), with some recorded variables (date, coordinates, etc.). Additional geometrical data, as well as data from four categories (topography, hydrography, land use, and geology) was collected and pre-processed. Both a simple analysis and a more complex ones were carried out. From the initial statistical analysis, we determined that the relevant controlling parameters in this context are slope, aspect, terrain roughness index, topographic wetness index, and general lithology; while geometrical aspects of importance are area, length, height difference, volume, and angle of reach. We also conclude that the most affected districts are those of Blenio, Mendrisio, Locarno and Bellinzona, where debris flows and avalanches, debris flows, rockfalls and rockfalls prevail, respectively. From the geometrical aspects, we conclude that that rockfalls and landslides tend to have smaller areas and perimeters than avalanches and debris flows, as expected, due to their mobility. However, the deposit lengths, height differences and volumes show similar patterns. The calculated angle of reach shows similar median and mode values at around 26º/30º, 33º, 34º/35º and 41º, for debris flows, avalanches, landslides, and rockfalls and respectively. Significant power law correlations were found between deposit length and the height difference (cf. Corominas, 1996), deposit volume and the movement area (cf. Guzzeti et al., 2009), and the distribution of rockfall volumes (cf. Dussauge et al., 2003). Possible further work with this inventory includes probabilistic approaches and the application of machine learning techniques for the establishment of the precise relationships between the different controlling parameters and each movement type.

 

References

Corominas, J. (1996). The angle of reach as a mobility index for small and large landslides. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 33(2), 260-271.

Dussauge, C., Grasso, J. R., & Helmstetter, A. (2003). Statistical analysis of rockfall volume distributions: Implications for rockfall dynamics. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 108(B6).

Guzzetti, F., Ardizzone, F., Cardinali, M., Rossi, M., & Valigi, D. (2009). Landslide volumes and landslide mobilization rates in Umbria, central Italy. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 279(3-4), 222-229.

How to cite: Gutierrez, A., Derron, M.-H., Jaboyedoff, M., and Pedrazzini, A.: Aspects derived from the geological, geometrical, and statistical analysis of the Ticino landslide inventory, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-5963, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-5963, 2022.

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