EGU22-6237
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-6237
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Influence of anthropogenic forcing and internal climate variability on winds over the Amundsen Sea shelf

Paul Holland1, Thomas Bracegirdle1, Pierre Dutrieux1, Kaitlin Naughten1, David Schneider2,3, Gemma O'Connor4, Eric Steig4, and Adrian Jenkins5
Paul Holland et al.
  • 1British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, UK
  • 2National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, USA
  • 3University of Colorado, Boulder, USA
  • 4University of Washington, Seattle, USA
  • 5Northumbria University, Newcastle, UK

Ocean-driven ice loss from the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) is a significant contributor to sea-level rise. In the 20th century, modelled wind trends over the Amundsen Sea imply an ocean warming that could explain this ice loss. In this presentation, climate model simulations are used to separate internal and anthropogenic influences on these wind trends. Tropical Pacific variability is found to be most influential in winter and over the Amundsen Sea continental shelf, while greenhouse gases and ozone depletion are dominant in summer and north of the shelf. Model projections feature strong wind trends that imply future ocean warming. In these projections, moderate greenhouse-gas mitigation has no influence on wind trends near the Amundsen Sea shelf. Internal climate variability creates a large and irreducible uncertainty in winds over the shelf. This complex regional and seasonal interplay between anthropogenic forcing and internal variability may determine the attribution and projection of ice loss from the WAIS.

How to cite: Holland, P., Bracegirdle, T., Dutrieux, P., Naughten, K., Schneider, D., O'Connor, G., Steig, E., and Jenkins, A.: Influence of anthropogenic forcing and internal climate variability on winds over the Amundsen Sea shelf, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-6237, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-6237, 2022.