EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Oceanic impacts on 50–80‑day intraseasonal oscillation in the eastern tropical Indian Ocean

Yun Liang and Yan Du
Yun Liang and Yan Du
  • South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, State Key Laboratory of Tropical Oceanography, China (

In this study, daily outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) product is used to detect the atmospheric intraseasonal oscillation 
(ISO) in the eastern tropical Indian Ocean (TIO). A 50–80-day ISO is identifed south of the equator, peaking in boreal winter 
and propagating eastward. The mechanisms underneath are investigated using observational data and reanalysis products. 
The results suggest that the 50–80-day atmospheric ISO is enhanced by ocean dynamic processes during December–January. 
Monsoon transition in October–November causes large wind variability along the equator. Equatorial sea surface height/
thermocline anomalies appear of Sumatra due to the accumulative efects of the wind variability, leading the atmospheric 
50–80-day ISO by ~5–6 weeks. The wind-driven ocean equatorial dynamics are refected from the Sumatra coast as downwelling oceanic Rossby waves, which deepen the thermocline and contribute to the SST warming in the southeastern TIO, 
afecting local atmospheric conditions. It ofers insights into the role of ocean dynamics in the intensifcation of 50–80-day 
atmospheric ISOs over the eastern TIO and explains the seasonal peak of the eastward-propagating ISO during boreal winter. 
These results have implications for intraseasonal predictability.

How to cite: Liang, Y. and Du, Y.: Oceanic impacts on 50–80‑day intraseasonal oscillation in the eastern tropical Indian Ocean, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-6725,, 2022.