EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Recent dust modeling developments in the ECMWF IFS in support to CAMS

Samuel Remy1, Zak Kipling2, and Johannes Flemming2
Samuel Remy et al.
  • 1HYGEOS, Lille, France (
  • 2ECMWF, Reading, UK

The Integrated Forecasting System (IFS) of ECMWF is core of the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS) to provide global analyses and forecasts of atmospheric composition, including reactive gases, as well as aerosol and greenhouse gases. Desert dust is simulated globally in three size bins. This system has been extended in an experimental version to prognostically simulate twelve mineralogical components of dust, each of them in three size bins. The chemical composition of dust can be derived from the mineralogical information, which allows for comparison against surface observations, notable of Iron. Each of the dust mineralogical component uses specific optical properties.

Four years of dust simulated global mineralogical and chemical composition have been produced. Iron from dust have been compared against observations of surface concentration worldwide and against simulations from the atmospheric iron model intercomparison organized by the Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection (GESAMP). Both evaluations gave satisfactory results. Surface concentration of other dust chemical components have been evaluated against surface observations other US and Europe.

Simulation of the dust mineralogy allows for a better representation of the geographical variation in dust absorption, especially depending on the simulated burden of the most absorbing species, hematite and goethite. While this variability cannot yet be represented in the optical properties of the dust species used operationally within CAMS, the climatology of dust mineralogy helped to derive new dust optical properties in the visible part of the spectrum. It also provided a degree of regional information about dust size distribution at emission, which has been implemented in the IFS. These two developments, together with an update of the dust source function, led to a significant improvement in the skill of the IFS system for dust related parameters. They have been included in the next operational upgrade of the operational global CAMS system, cycle 48R1, which is planned in late 2022.

How to cite: Remy, S., Kipling, Z., and Flemming, J.: Recent dust modeling developments in the ECMWF IFS in support to CAMS, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-7852,, 2022.